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Earthquake in Maharashtra: 4.8 magnitude quake jolts Satara district

Earthquake in Maharashtra: 4.8 magnitude quake jolts Satara district

An earthquake of magnitude 4.8 shook parts of Satara district in Maharashtra on 20 June morning, an official said.

The epicentre of the quake, which occurred around 7.47 am, was recorded at a depth of 10 km, the official at the India Meteorological Department (IMD) centre of Maharashtra said.

Why India is prone to earthquake?

The Indian subcontinent has a history of devastating earthquakes.

The major reason for the high frequency and intensity of the earthquakes is that the Indian plate is driving into Asia at a rate of approximately 47 mm/year.

Geographical statistics of India show that almost 54% of the land is vulnerable to earthquakes.

A World Bank and United Nations report shows estimates that around 200 million city dwellers in India will be exposed to storms and earthquakes by 2050.

5 Earthquake Zones

Zone 5:
  • Zone 5 covers the areas with the highest risks zone that suffers earthquakes of intensity.
  • The region of Kashmir, the Western and Central Himalayas, North and Middle Bihar, the North-East Indian region, the Rann of Kutch and the Andaman and Nicobar group of islands fall in this zone.
  • Generally, the areas having trap rock or basaltic rock are prone to earthquakes.
Zone 4:
  • This zone is called the High Damage Risk Zone.
  • The regions of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, the parts of Indo-Gangetic plains (North Punjab, Chandigarh, Western Uttar Pradesh, Terai, North Bengal, Sundarbans) and the capital of the country Delhi fall in Zone 4. In Maharashtra, the Patan area (Koynanagar) is also in zone no-4.
  • In Bihar the northern part of the state like Raxaul, Near the border of India and Nepal, is also in zone no-4.

There are other Zone 3, Zone 2 and Zone 1, and usually these regions are not considered prone to earthquakes.

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