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EBOLA OUTBREAK DECLARED OVER IN GUINEA BY WHO

EBOLA OUTBREAK DECLARED OVER IN GUINEA BY WHO

Context:

An Ebola outbreak in Guinea that started in February, infecting 16 people and killing 12, has been declared over by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Background:

  • In 2014-2016, the Ebola outbreak killed 11,300 people, mostly in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia.
  • In May 2021, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) officially declared the end of the 12th Ebola outbreak.

Ebola:

  • Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a severe illness in humans.
  • The infection is communicated to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission.
  • The average EVD case fatality rate is around 50%. Case fatality rates have differed from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks.
  • Initially, it was detected in 1976 in Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Prevention:

  • Community engagement is critical to effectively controlling outbreaks.
  • Good outbreak control relies on case management, surveillance and contact tracing, a good laboratory service and social mobilisation.

Treatment:

  • Early supportive care with rehydration, symptomatic treatment improves survival.

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