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ELECTION COMMISSION ANNOUNCES DATES FOR BIHAR ASSEMBLY POLLS; ELECTIONS TO BE HELD IN THREE PHASES

ELECTION COMMISSION ANNOUNCES DATES FOR BIHAR ASSEMBLY POLLS; ELECTIONS TO BE HELD IN THREE PHASES

Context

The Assembly elections in Bihar will be held in three phases starting from 28th of next month and the counting will take place on 10th November.

Election Machinery

Election Commission

  • It is a permanent and an independent body established by the Constitution of India directly to ensure free and fair elections in the country.
  • Article 324 of the Constitution provides that the power of superintendence, direction and control of elections to parliament, state legislatures, the office of president of India and the office of vice- president of India shall be vested in the election commission. 

Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) The Chief Electoral Officer of a state/ Union Territory

  • He  is authorised to supervise the election work in the state/Union Territory subject to the overall superintendence, direction and control of the Election Commission.
  • The Election Commission of India nominates or designates an Officer of the Government of the state / Union Territory as the Chief Electoral Officer in consultation with that State Government / Union Territory Administration.

District Election Officer (DEO)

  • He supervises the election work of a district.
  • The Election Commission of India nominates or designates an officer of the state Government as the District Election Officer in consultation with the state government.

Returning Officer (RO)

  • He is responsible for the conduct of elections in the Parliamentary or assembly constituency concerned.

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