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Election to the Office of the Vice-President of India, 2022 (16th Vice-Presidential Election)

Context: The term of office of Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu, Vice-President of India, is ending on 10th August 2022. 

 

Constitutional Necessity for conditing election for Vice-President of India: 

As per Article 68 of the Indian constitution, an election to fill the vacancy of the outgoing Vice-President must be completed before the expiration of the term.  

Article 324 of the Constitution vests the superintendence, direction and control of the conduct of election of the Vice-President of India in the Election Commission (EC) of India. EC is mandated to ensure that the election to the office of the Vice-President of India must be free and fair. 

As per Section 4(3) of the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Act, 1952, the notification for election for the post of Vice-President shall be issued on or after the sixtieth day before the expiration of the term of office of the outgoing Vice-President.

 

Electoral College for the election of Vice-President of India:

According to Article 66 of the Constitution of India, the Vice-President is elected following the proportional representation system by means of the single transferable vote by an Electoral College consisting of the members of both Houses of Parliament. The elector has to mark preferences against the names of the candidates. The voting shall be by secret ballot. 

For 2022, 16th Vice-Presidential Election, the Electoral College consists of:

  1. 233 elected members of Rajya Sabha,
  2. 12 nominated members of Rajya Sabha, and
  3. 543 elected members of Lok Sabha. 

Electoral College comprises a total of 788 members of both Houses of Parliament. 

 

Value of the Vote of Elector: 

Since all the electors are members of both Houses of Parliament, the value of the vote of each Member of Parliament would be the same, i.e.1 (one).

 

Nomination for the election of Vice-President: 

Under the law, the nomination can be filed either by the candidate himself or by any of his proposers or seconders. A candidate's nomination paper has to be subscribed by at least twenty electors as proposers and by at least twenty electors as seconders.  

A candidate can file a maximum of four nomination papers. The security deposit for the election is Rs.15,000/-, which is required to be made along with the nomination paper or should be deposited in the Reserve Bank of India or a Govt. Treasury under the relevant Head of Accounts for the purpose before the filing of nomination.

Political parties cannot issue any whip to their MPs in the matter of voting in the Vice-Presidential election.

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