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Evening News Digest: 08 July 2018

UK launches new visas open to Indian scientists, academics

  • The UK has launched new visas that will be open to overseas scientists and researchers, including Indians, to encourage the growth of the country's research sector.
  • The UK government said the new scheme demonstrates its commitment to make the UK a dynamic, open, globally-trading nation.
  • The new UKRI Science, Research and Academia scheme opened from yesterday for researchers, scientists and academics to come to the UK for up to two years.
  • The route allows individuals entering the UK through this scheme to stay for up to two years.

HP govt announces subsidy on rooftop solar power installations

  • The Himachal Pradesh government announced a subsidy of 10 percent or Rs 4,000 per KW, whichever is less, to all domestic consumers, institutions and those in the social sectors for installation of solar power plants at the rooftop of their buildings.
  • This subsidy would be additional to the subsidy given by the Central government. The subsidy amount would be deposited directly to the bank account of the consumer through state-run Himachal Pradesh Energy Development Authority (HIMURJA).

Rewa mega solar power project starts operations, to serve Delhi Metro

  • The 750 MW Rewa Solar Power Project in Madhya Pradesh (MP) started operations from July 6, 201,8 said the state-run Madhya Pradesh Urja Vikas Nigam Ltd (MPUVNL).
  • The plant, spread over 1,590 acres and being operated by Rewa Ultra Mega Solar Ltd, is among the largest single-site solar power plants in the world.
  • This is the first project in the country supplying power to an inter-state open access customer -- Delhi Metro.
  • State discoms will get 76 per cent of the power produced from the Rewa solar plant, while the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) will benefit from the remaining 24 per cent.

Justice Radhakrishnan sworn in as new Chief Justice of Hyderabad HC

  • Justice Thottathil Bhaskaran Nair Radhakrishnan was sworn in Chief Justice of the Hyderabad High Court. Governor E.S.L. Narasimhan administered the oath of office to Justice Radhakrishnan.
  • Justice Radhakrishnan is the first Chief Justice after state bifurcation. Justice Kalyan Sen Gupta assumed the office of Chief Justice of the AP High Court on May 21, 2013 and retired on May 6, 2015.

Jhilli Dalabehera bags bronze medal in junior world weightlifting championships

  • Indian lifter Jhilli Dalabehera bagged the bronze medal in the 2018 IWF Junior World Weightlifting Championships at Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
  • Jhilli Dalabehera lifted 167 kg (75 kg + 92 kg) in 48 kg to finish third on the podium, according to Indian Weightlifting Federation (IWF) secretary general Sahdev Yadav.
  • She is the second woman lifter after Saikhom Mirabai Chanu (in 2013) to win a medal in the Junior World Championships.

SEBI revamps panel on alternative investment

  • Markets regulator SEBI has reorganised the committee that advises it on matters pertaining to further development of the alternative investment and start-up ecosystem in the country.
  • The Alternative Investment Policy Advisory Committee is chaired by Infosys founder N R Narayana Murthy.
  • The regulator had constituted the committee in March 2015 with the mandate to prepare a new regulatory framework for alternative investments.
  • Besides Murthy, the expert panel consists of 22 members, including top executives of private equity firms, venture capital firms, government representatives and officials of SEBI and Reserve Bank of India.
  • Alternative investments include private equity, hedge funds, managed futures, real estate, commodities and derivatives contracts. Alternative Investment Funds are other than traditional investment types, such as stocks, investment and bonds.

Caste should not be mentioned in arrest memos: Rajasthan HC

  • The Rajasthan High Court has ordered that caste should not be mentioned in arrest memos and bail bonds, observing that identity of an individual is known by parentage and not by caste.
  • Justice Sanjeev Prakash Sharma noted in his order that neither the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) nor the Constitution provides that a person be identified by his caste.
  • The order came on a petition filed by one Bishan Shing, who was ordered to be released on bail but due to a mistake in bail bond his caste was written as Mev instead of Jatav.

Swedish intellectuals form new literature prize in Nobel protest

  • 107 Swedish intellectuals have joined forces to form a new prize-giving body in protest after the Swedish Academy, which selects Nobel laureates.
  • The alternative honour serves to denounce "bias, arrogance and sexism", according to its founders The New Academy, whose members include authors, artists and journalists.
  • As the #MeToo movement has made waves globally, the Swedish Academy descended into turmoil in November when local media published the testimonies of 18 women claiming to have been raped, sexually assaulted or harassed by an influential French cultural figure who has long been connected to the institution.
  • The revelations led the Academy to announce in May 2018, there will be no Nobel Literature Prize in 2018.

IGIB find ways to reduce TB’s tissue-damaging effects

  • It is generally believed that TB bacteria make the host cells accumulate triglyceride and become lipid-rich as bacteria prefer lipids for their nutrition.
  • Now, using human macrophage cells researchers at the Institute of Genomic and Integrative Biology (CSIR-IGIB) have shown that when TB-infected macrophages undergo necrosis (where the cell ruptures when it dies) lipids and bacteria contained in the cells are released.
  • The neighbouring cells — both healthy and TB-infected — take up the lipids thus leading to lipid accumulation.
  • The research points to the relevance of the incident pathology — necrosis in a granuloma result in the development of lipid-rich foamy macrophages [presence of cells with large lipid-filled vacuoles].

IMA forms committee for emotional well-being of doctors

  • Considering the increasing rate of suicides and depression among medical practitioners, the Indian Medical Association (IMA) has formed a national committee for emotional health and well-being of students and doctors in the country.
  • The committee will function under the leadership of IMA national president Dr Ravi Wankhedkar.
  • IMA has declared the theme for Doctors' Day as 'zero tolerance to the violence against healthcare professionals & clinical establishments'. IMA is also observing a 'safe fraternity week' from July 1 to 8.
  • According to the WHO, suicide is recognised as a public health priority. Annually more than 8 lakh people with disturbed mental health commit suicide.
  • Suicide is the second leading cause of death among teenagers and young adults (15-29 years of age). In India, neuro-psychiatric disorders contribute to 11.6 per cent of the global mental health disease burden.
  • Medical students and doctors have a significantly higher suicide rate than the general population. Presently, this is at 28 to 40 suicides per 1,00,000.

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