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Evening News Digest: 12 Nov 2018

Public Broadcasting Day: 12 November

The Public Service Broadcasting Day is observed every year on 12 November in India to commemorate Mahatma Gandhi’s maiden visit to All India Radio Studio (AIR).

On November 12, 1947, the Father of Nation Mahatma Gandhi visited to AIR, Delhi Studio for the first and last time.

He addressed the refugees from Pakistan, stationed at the camp at Kurukshetra, in Haryana after partition.

Union Minister Ananth Kumar passes away at 59

Union Minister and senior BJP leader Ananth Kumar died at a hospital in Bengaluru on 12 November at the age of 59.  

Ananth Kumar was suffering from cancer and had returned from the US last month after treatment in New York.

Karnataka has announced three-day state mourning and all schools, colleges and offices starting from today.

Ananth Kumar

Ananth Kumar was one of the few ministers to have also served in the earlier BJP-led government led by Atal Bihari Vajpayee. In fact, he was the youngest minister in the Atal Bihari Vajpayee's cabinet in 1998 and was minister for Civil Aviation, Tourism, Sports, Urban Development and Poverty Alleviation.

The six-time MP from Karnataka was the first person to speak in Kannada in the United Nations.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi described him as a remarkable leader, an able administrator and a great asset to the BJP.

Ashok Kr Gupta appointed chairperson of CCI

Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has appointed former IAS officer Ashok Kumar Gupta as Chairperson of Competition Commission of India (CCI).

He replaces acting chairperson Sudhir Mital. He will be in office till October 25, 2022 i.e. till he attains age of 65 years or until further orders, whichever is the earliest.

A K Gupta is former IAS officer of the Tamil Nadu cadre.

Competition Commission of India

CCI is quasi-judicial statutory body established under The Competition Act, 2002. It was established in October 2003 and became fully functional in May 2009.

Section 8(1) of the Act provides CCI shall consist of Chairperson and not less than two and not more than six Members.

Presently, Chairperson and four Members are in position. It has been functioning as collegium right from its inception. It functions under Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

World's largest brain-like supercomputer powered on for first time

The world’s largest supercomputer designed to work in the same way as the human brain has been switched on for the first time.

The newly formed million-processor-core Spiking Neural Network Architecture (SpiNNaker) machine is capable of completing more than 200 million million actions per second, with each of its chips having 100 million transistors.

The SpiNNaker machine, designed and built in The University of Manchester in the UK, can model more biological neurons in real time than any other machine on the planet.

Neuromorphic computing uses large scale computer systems containing electronic circuits to mimic these spikes in a machine.

Why it is unique?

SpiNNaker is unique because, unlike traditional computers, it doesn’t communicate by sending large amounts of information from A to B.

Instead it mimics the brain as it sends the large amount of data simultaneously to parallel communication architecture similar to brain.

India clean sweeps T20 series against West Indies

India beat West Indies by six wickets to complete 3-0 clean sweep in T20 series.

In a thrilling match in Chennai last night, Shikhar Dhawan's 92 runs and Rishabh Pant's 58 guided India to victory on the last ball of the match. 

The Windies have already lost the Test series in the current tour 0-2 and the ODI series 1-3.

World champion shuttler Kento Momota wins China Open

World champion Kento Momota won badminton’s Fuzhou China Open on 11 Nov to add another title to his already-spectacular season.

Japan’s world No. 1 defeated Taiwan’s Chou Tien-chen, fourth seed by 21-13, 11-21, 21-16 in 66 minutes.

NASA planning to send organ on chips to space

NASA is planning to send small devices containing human cells in a 3D matrix — known as tissue chips or organs-on-chips — to the International Space Station (ISS) to test how they respond to stress, drugs and genetic changes. Made of flexible plastic, tissue chips have ports and channels to provide nutrients and oxygen to the cells inside them.

The “Tissue Chips in Space” initiative seeks to better understand the role of microgravity on human health and disease and to translate that understanding to improved human health on Earth.

NASA is planning the investigations in collaboration with CASIS and the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) at the National Institutes for Health (NIH).

How this study will help?

Many of the changes in the human body caused by microgravity resemble the onset and progression of diseases associated with ageing on Earth, such as bone and muscle loss. But the space-related changes occur much faster. That means scientists may be able to use tissue chips in space to model changes that might take months or years to happen on Earth.

Indian War Memorial was unveiled at Villers Guislain, Paris

Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu on 10 Nov inaugurated the first India-built war memorial in northern France to pay tribute to thousands of Indian soldiers who fought selflessly and made supreme sacrifices during the World War I.

Indian Armed Forces Memorial was inaugurated at Villers-Guislain town in France.

The memorial is the first-of-its-kind built by India in France after the country’s Independence.

India’s Contribution to World War I

Indian troops were on Western Front by winter of 1914 and fought at the first Battle of Ypres.

By the end of 1915, they had sustained many casualties along with casualties from sickness, the decision was taken to withdraw Indian Corps from front line duty at the end of 1915.

They fought in most theatres of war including Gallipoli and North and East Africa. In all 47,746 were classed as killed or missing with 65,000 wounded, he said.

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