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Evening News Digest: 12 October 2018

32nd India-Indonesia CORPAT begins

  • The 32nd edition of India-Indonesia coordinated patrol (IND-INDO CORPAT) is being held in Belawan, Indonesia from 11 – 27 October 2018.
  • Under it, ships and aircraft from both countries will undertake patrolling on respective sides of 236 nautical miles long International Maritime Boundary Line.
  • The patrolling will be conducted in three phases, followed by closing ceremony at Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Island.
  • IND-INDO CORPAT was started in 2002 to keep Indian Ocean Region safe and secure for commercial shipping and international trade.

Jammu University, ISRO sign MoU to set up Space Applications Center

  • The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on October 11, 2018 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Central University of Jammu (CUJ) for setting up of the Satish Dhawan Center for Space Science in the University.
  • Satish Dhawan Center for Space Science at Central University of Jammu
    • It will have ground-based observations for Atmospheric Studies, research lab for astrophysics, Atmospheric Sensing and Glacier studies Lab for better use of large quantity of water stored in the form of seasonal snow, ice and glaciers in the rivers of North India. 
    • The Materials Sciences Lab for space applications will be established as a part of the Satish Dhawan Center for Space Science at CUJ with special focus to synthesise and design new sensors and materials for space applications.

World Bank’s Human Capital Index released

  • The World Bank’s for the first time has released Human Capital Index ranking of 157 countries.
  • It measures the investment of each country in the "skills, health, knowledge and resilience" of its people.
  • It takes in schooling years, standard test scores, mortality rates and malnutrition rates, and aims to measure outcomes, not merely spending.
  • India was ranked at 115th position.
  • Singapore comes first, with South Korea and Japan close behind, while 19 of the bottom 20 countries are in Africa.
  • The worst 5 countries are from Africa including Niger, Mali and Liberia.
  • World Banks’s 5 Question: Parameters 
    • What is the probability of survival to age 5?
    • What fraction of children under age 5 don’t have stunted growth?
    • How many years do student stay in school?
    • How much they actually learn?
    • What’s the probability of surviving to adulthood?
  • Future of Human Capital?
    • Innovations such as "sewbots" - garment-making robots which may soon become faster and cheaper than the most highly trained Bangladeshi workers - will force poorer nations, especially in Africa, to skip straight over the light manufacturing stage into an unknown future. 
    • In that scenario, the third world's safest bet is the same as the first's: invest in education systems that teach "advanced cognitive and sociobehavioral skills" such as problem solving, critical thinking and adaptation to new methods.
    • Nearly a quarter of the world's children are stunted, climbing to 33 per cent in Tanzania, 38 per cent in India and 45 per cent in Pakistan.
    • Children without good education will probably don’t have a great future.

Centre approves special package for footwear and leather sector

  • The Central Government has approved a special package for employment generation in leather and footwear sector.
  • Centre has approved four projects worth over 105 crore rupees to promote leather industry in Tamil Nadu.
  • Indian Footwear, Leather and Accessories Development Programme (IFLADP)
    • It aims to facilitate upgradation of infrastructure, job creation and environmental sustainability. The project has earmarked 2600 crore rupees for 2017-20 in this connection.

Ganga activist GD Agarwal dies after 111 day fast

  • G D Agarwal, a former professor at the Indian Institute of Technology in Kanpur and a man who devoted his life to the cause of saving river Ganga, died on 11 Oct.
  • Agarwal was on a fast-unto-death for the last 111 days.
  • Agarwal sat on his fast on June 22 to protest against the government's alleged inaction in taking measures to make the Ganga free of pollution and free-flowing.
  • He was born in 1932 and retired as a professor of environmental engineering from IIT Kanpur.
  • He served as a member-secretary of the Central Pollution Control Board.

Malaysian government decides to abolish capital punishment

  • Malaysian cabinet has passed a resolution to abolish the death penalty.
  • Capital punishment in Malaysia is currently mandatory for murder, kidnapping, possession of firearms and drug trafficking, among other crimes.
  • According to Amnesty International, as of July 2015, 101 countries have abolished the death penalty for all crimes in law.
  • As of 2015, most executions took place in China, Iran, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and the USA.
  • India retains the capital punishment.

Global Hunger Index 2018

  • India has been ranked at 103 out of 119 countries in the Global Hunger Index 2018, with hunger levels in the country categorized as “serious”.
  • At least one in five Indian children under the age of five is wasted, says the report.
  • The only country with a higher prevalence of child wasting is the war-torn nation of South Sudan.
  • India’s ranking has dropped three places from last year, although the Index says its results are not accurately comparable from year to year and instead provides a few reference years for comparable data.
  • The 2018 scores reflect data from 2013-2017.
  • GHI Indicator
    • UNDERNOURISHMENT: the share of the population that is under-nourished, reflecting insufficient caloric intake
    • CHILD WASTING: the share of children under the age of five who are wasted (low weight-for-height), reflecting acute undernutrition.
    • CHILD STUNTING: the share of children under the age of five who are stunted (low height-for-age), reflecting chronic undernutrition
    • CHILD MORTALITY: the mortality rate of children under the age of five

Amway hires Milind Pant as first global CEO

  • Direct selling company Amway has announced Milind Pant as its Chief Executive Officer.
  • Amway has been co-led by Van Andel who has served as Amway Chairman since 1995 and Doug DeVos who has served as Amway’s president since 2002.

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