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Evening News Digest: 13 Nov 2018

Samudra Shakti: Indian Navy – Indonesian Navy Bilateral Exercise

India – Indonesian Bilateral Navy Exercise named Samudra Shakti will be held from 12 to 18 Nov 2018 in Indonesia.

INS Rana of the Eastern Fleet will participate in week long navy exercise.

The aim of the exercise is to strengthen bilateral relations, expand maritime co-operation, enhance interoperability and exchange best practices.

The strategic partnership between the two nations was elevated to 'Comprehensive Strategic Partnership' during the visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi in May 2018 and Defence co-operation has been a significant pillar in this partnership.

Indonesia

India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Indonesia along the Andaman Sea.

Hinduism is one of the six official religions of Indonesia. In 2010, there were an estimated total of over 4 million Hindus in Indonesia according to Indonesian census.

India, Morocco sign Agreement on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters

India and Morocco on 12 Nov signed an agreement to help each other in criminal matters and provide legal assistance wherever required.

The agreement on mutual legal assistance in criminal matters was signed by Union Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju on behalf of India and Mohamed Aujjar, the Minister of justice on behalf of Kingdom of Morocco.

The pact will strengthen bilateral cooperation with Morocco and enhance effectiveness and provide a broad legal framework for prevention, investigation and prosecution of crimes, as well as in tracing, restraint and confiscation of funds meant to finance terrorist acts.

Morocco

Morocco is a North African country that has a coastline on both the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.

It is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament.

Most of the power is vested with King of Morocco.

It is the fifth largest economy of the African Union.

Morocco’s predominant religion is Islam and its official languages are Arabic and Berber.

The Atlas Mountain runs through mainly centre and South of the country.

PM Modi inaugurates projects worth over Rs 2,400 crore in Varanasi

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 12 Nov dedicated to the nation several projects including two National Highways and an Inland Waterways Terminal on River Ganga at Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. The total cost of these projects is 2413 crore rupees. 

An Inland Multi-Modal Terminal Port constructed on river Ganga at Ramnagar is a major push to India’s Inland Waterways Transportation. The other three terminals are under construction at Sahibganj, Haldia and Gazipur. In a major push to India’s Inland Waterways Transportation sector

The Prime Minister also received the country's first container cargo transported on inland waterways from Kolkata.

International Conference on Yoga for Public Health inaugurated

The International Conference on Yoga for Public Health was inaugurated at Kala Academy, Panjim on 12 Nov.

Representatives from around 50 countries are participating in the two-day conference.

Yoga – An Indian Gift to the World

United Nations every year on 21st June celebrates as International Yoga Day.

Millions of people around the globe practice it daily and even US Army has made a curriculum on it.

Yoga has many benefits apart from mindfulness and awareness such as some Yogic postures help in curing many physio problems.  

Abu Dhabi National Oil Co inks deal to store crude in India

Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserves Ltd. (ISPRL) to explore the possibility of storing ADNOC crude oil at ISPRL’s underground oil storage facility at Padur in Karnataka, which has a 2.5 million-tonne (17 million barrels) capacity.

The MoU was signed by Abdulla Salem Al Dhaheri, director of Marketing, Sales and Trading at ADNOC, and HPS Ahuja, CEO and MD at ISPRL, on the sidelines of the Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference (ADIPEC).

ADNOC

ADNOC is the only foreign oil and gas company, so far, to invest, by way of crude oil, in India’s strategic petroleum reserves program. It is also a stakeholder, along with Saudi Aramco, and a consortium of Indian state-run companies, in one of India’s largest refinery and petrochemicals complexes, to be constructed at Ratnagiri in Maharashtra.

ISPRL

ISPRL has already built 5.33 million tons of underground storage capacity at three locations, Visakhapatnam (1.33 million tons), Mangalore (1.5 million tons) and Padur (2.5 million tons),that can meet around 10 days of the country’s oil needs.

The government of India, in June 2018, announced the creation of two new reserves, a 4-million-tons storage facility at Chandikhol, in the eastern state of Odisha, and an additional 2.5-million-tons facility at Padur.

Amnesty International strips Myanmar's Aung San Suu Kyi of highest honour

Amnesty International has withdrawn a prestigious human rights award from Myanmar Councillor Aung San Suu Kyi, accusing her of perpetuating human rights abuses by not speaking out about violence against the Rohingya Muslim minority.

The international human rights group named Suu Kyi as its 2009 Ambassador of Conscience Award recipient when she was still under house arrest for her opposition to Myanmar's oppressive military junta.

Once hailed as a champion in the fight for democracy, Suu Kyi has been stripped of a series of international honours over a Rohingya exodus that began in August 2017.

Ms. Suu Kyi

Ms Suu Kyi came to power as the de facto head of Buddhist-majority Myanmar's civilian administration in 2016.

She has since faced international pressure, including from Amnesty International, to condemn the army's alleged brutality against the Rohingya. However she has refused to do so.

Rohingya Muslims

Rohingyas are ethnic Muslims of Myanmar living in the Rakhine province in the Arakan region. Myanmar government does not recognise Rohingyas as their citizens. Only about 40,000 Rohingyas are acknowledged as citizens in their country.

Rohingya Muslims are referred to as Bengalis in Myanmar for their roots in Bangladesh. The 1982-citizenship law of Myanmar does not recognise Rohingyas as ethnic group and these people are practically stateless for 35 years.

In 2014, the Myanmar government presented a plan for accommodating Rohingya Muslims as their citizens. The willing members of Rohingya community were asked to change their ethnicity in the census form from Rohingya to Bengali.

The United Nations has recognised Rohingya Muslims as one the most persecuted ethnic groups in the world.

It began with a case of gangrape in Myanmar. Some Rohingya Muslims were charged with gangrape and murder of a Buddhist woman in Rakhine. This led to clashes between Rohingya Muslims and Buddhists. Bloody fights and riots soon engulfed the entire Arakan region.

The Myanmar government responded by herding thousands of Rohingya Muslims in a concentration camp fenced by barbed wires. The police did not allow Rohingyas to leave the camps. The Myanmar's authorities supplied food in the camps but it was not enough leading to starvation.

Rohingyas in India

Rohingyas entered into northeast India through various routes. They avoided staying near the Myanmar's borders. Rohingyas spread over a large area across various states. They have their camps in Assam, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala.

Minister of State for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju informed the Parliament in August that there were about 40,000 Rohingya Muslims living illegally in the country. According to Centre's estimates, Rohingya's population has increased four times in India over the past three years.

Indians grow wealthier, but inequality persists

According to Global Wealth 2018 by Credit Susie; Indians have grown wealthier in recent years but India has relatively high inequality compared to rest of the world.

Highlights:

Just one of every 10 Indians has wealth of over $10,000. Though there are 3.4 dollar millionaires in the country, their proportion is negligible compared to counterparts in the rest of the world.

While the share of non-financial assets has risen steadily in recent years, the percentage of household debt has burgeoned. Financial wealth has shown a slight decline over the years.

India's median wealth per adult is $1,289. This is much less than the global median of $4,209. India also has a high Gini coefficient, which means it is among poorer countries with high inequality.

Lewis Hamilton win gives Mercedes the constructor championship

Lewis Hamilton locked down the World Constructors' Championship for Mercedes-AMG with a win at the Brazilian Grand Prix, his 50th of the V-6 era.

The five-time world champion edged out Max Verstappen in the final stages to win and give Mercedes the championships for fifth consecutive time.

The 33-year-old Briton took advantage of a collision that cost Max Verstappen the lead in the closing stages to regain the initiative and then hang on with worn tyres as the Red Bull came home second.

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