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Evening News Digest: 17 September 2018

Second flight test of Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile successful

  • India's Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) has conducted the first successful test firing of a new indigenously developed man portable anti-tank guided missile (MPATGM).
  • The missile test was carried out at the Ahmednagar test range.
    • The MPATGM is a third-generation anti-tank guided missile (ATGM), which has been under development by DRDO since 2015.  
    • Fitted with a high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead, the MPATGM reportedly boasts a top attack capability and has a maximum engagement range of about 2.5 kilometers.
    • Mass production of the missile is expected to begin in 2021.
    • The Indian government scrapped a $500 million deal with Rafael for 321 Spike ATGM systems and 8,356 missiles in favor of the MPATGM system in December 2017.

France's Kevin Mayer breaks world decathlon record

  • France’s Kevin Mayer set a new decathlon world record on 16 September when he finished with 9126 points at the Decastar event in Talence, France.
  • He surpassed previous holder American Ashton Eaton’s 9045 points recorded at the 2015 world championships in Beijing.
  • What is Decathlon?
    • The decathlon is a combined event in athletics consisting of ten track and field events.
    • It combines 4 runs, 3 jumps and 3 throws.

Ahmet Comert Tournament: India's 3 boxers clinch gold medals

  • Indian women boxers clinched three gold medals in Ahmet Comert Tournament in Istanbul, Turkey.
  • Simranit Kaur won in 64kg category.
  • Monkia won in 48kg category.
  • Bhagyabati Kachari won in 81kg category.
  • Bhagyabati Kachari was also declared as the most scientific boxer of the tournament.
  • Ahmet Comert is boxing tournament held to pay tribute to Turkish boxer and coach Ahmet Comert.

Moutaz Mousa Abdallah becomes Sudan's new PM

  • Moutaz Mousa Abdallah has become the Sudan's new Prime Minister.
  • A 21-member cabinet was sworn in at the presidential palace in Khartoum on 15 September.
  • Mousa Abdallah is also holding the finance portfolio in a bid to revive the country's ailing economy.
  • What is happening in Sudan?
    • Sudan has been grappling with an acute foreign exchange shortage and inflation above 65 per cent for several months.
    • Sudan's economy was dealt a severe blow initially from the loss of three-quarters of its oil resources when South Sudan gained independence in 2011.
    • An attempt in September 2013 to cut fuel subsidies led to bloody confrontations between anti-austerity protesters and security forces that left dozens dead in Khartoum.  
    • The Sudanese economy is in bad shape and it needs urgent measures which can tackle inflation and revive the economy.
    • Sudan’s Capital – Khartoum

Jaipur Literature Festival begins in Houston

  • Jaipur Literature Festival 2018 was held in Houston (USA) from 14 to 15 September. .
  • The festival is touted as the world’s largest free literary festival.
  • The annual festival began in 2006 and is held annually in Jaipur.
  • It is a part of large umbrella of literary events and will be held in Houston, New York and Colorado.

MC Mary Kom clinches her 3rd gold medal of year at Silesian Open

  • MC Mary Kom clinched gold in the 13th International Silesian Women's Boxing Championships in Gliwice, Poland.
  • Mary Kom (48kg) prevailed 5-0 against Kazakhstan's Aigerim Kassanayeva in the final of the boxing event to win her third gold medal in 2018.
  • Her other two gold medals this year came in the inaugural India Open in Delhi and the Commonwealth Games in Gold Coast.

Kenya's Eliud Kipchoge sets new marathon world record

  • Kenya's Eliud Kipchoge smashed the marathon world record by clocking a time of 2 hours 1 minute 39 seconds in Berlin.
  • He covered a distance of 42.2km in the Berlin marathon.
  • The women's race was won by Gladys Cherono of Kenya in 2:18:11.

Time magazine bought for $190 million by co-founder of Salesforce

  • Time Magazine is being sold by Meredith Corp. to Marc Benioff, a co-founder of Salesforce.
  • Time magazine is sold to $190 million in cash to Benioff.
  • The purchase of Time by Benioff continues a trend of acquisitions of old-line media institutions by wealthy tech giants.
  • The Washington Post was purchased by Amazon founder Jeff Bezos in 2013 for $250 million.
  • Time, like other magazines, has struggled with continued declines in print advertising and newsstand sales.

More river stretches critically polluted: CPCB

  • According to Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) the number of critically polluted river stretches, where water quality indicators are the poorest, have gone up from 34 to 45.
  • Similarly, the number of polluted stretches in India, which were 302 in 2016, have increased to 351 in 2018.
  • Of the 351, 117 river stretches are in the states of Assam, Gujarat and Maharashtra.
  • Contrary to general view, many of the river stretched in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh are less polluted than those in these three states.
  • How they measure the pollution in a river?
    • The measure is done through BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand).
    • A BOD less than 3 mg/l is considered as an indicator of a healthy river by the CPCB.
    • The higher the BOD is, the worse the river.
    • A river is termed ‘priority 1’ if its BOD is greater than or equal to 30 mg/l, whereas it is indicated as ‘priority 5’ if the BOD is between 3.1-6 mg/l.
  • Ganga has been tagged as priority 4 due to its BOD range of 3.5-8.8 mg/l.
  • Some river stretches of Godavari, Mithi, Sabarmati and Hindon rivers are more polluted than Ganga.

'Green Book' wins Toronto film festival audience prize

  • Peter Farrelly's dramatic comedy buddy movie “Green Book,” starring Mahershala Ali and Viggo Mortensen, won the Toronto International Film Festival audience prize on 16 September.
  • Green Book Movie Plot:
  • The film follows a working-class Italian-American bouncer who takes a job chauffeuring an African-American classical pianist through the US South in the 1960s, because it is too dangerous for him to travel alone.
  • Toronto International Film:
    • It was started in 1978 in Toronto (Canada).
    • The Toronto film festival is the biggest in North America and has traditionally been a key event for Oscar-conscious studios and distributors, as it is attended by a sizable contingent of media.

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