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Evening News Digest : 23 April 2018

English Language Day: 23 April

  • Every year 23 April is celebrated as the English language Day. The date traditionally observed as both the birthday and date of death of William Shakespeare.
  • Aim: The purpose of the UN's language days is to celebrate multilingualism and cultural diversity as well as to promote equal use of all six official languages throughout the Organization. The other five languages are Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish.
  • The United Nations celebrated its first English Language Day on April 23, 2010.

6th Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS) – 2018

  • The 6th edition of Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS) and Conclave of Chiefs is being hosted by Iran at Tehran from 23 to 25 April 2018. The Chief of the Naval Staff is leading a four member Indian delegation for the event.
  • The visit of the Chief of the Naval Staff is also aimed at consolidating bilateral naval relations between India and Iran and to explore new avenues for naval cooperation. The IONS was conceived by the Indian Navy in 2008.
  • The forum seeks to enhance maritime cooperation among navies of the littoral states of the Indian Ocean Region by providing an open and inclusive forum for discussion on regionally relevant maritime issues that would lead to common understanding on the way ahead.


Germany: Centre-left Social Democrats elect first female leader

  • Germany's centre-left Social Democrats elected Andrea Nahles, a combative and outspoken former Labour Minister, as the first woman leader of the 155-year-old party.
  • Well-connected within her party, Nahles, won 66 per cent of the vote, beating 41-year old Simone Lange, who is an ex-policewoman and mayor.
  • SPD's outgoing interim leader and Finance Minister Olaf Scholz, called it a historic moment. He said electing a female leader is a sign of progress that was long overdue.

France's National Assembly passes controversial immigration law

  • France's National Assembly has passed a controversial immigration law that has exposed unprecedented divisions in President Emmanuel Macron's young centrist party.
  • The bill shortens asylum application deadlines, doubles the time for which illegal migrants can be detained, and introduces a one-year prison sentence for entering France illegally.
  • The bill passed by 228 votes to 139, with 24 abstentions. Far-right National Front MPs backed the government while left-wing parties voted against. 

Conservative's Abdo Benitez wins Paraguay presidential poll

  • Conservative former senator Mario Abdo Benítez has been elected president of Paraguay. He beat his closest rival, Efraín Alegre from the liberal opposition alliance, by four percentage points.
  • With almost all of the ballots counted, he had won 46.46% of the vote compared to 42.73% for Mr Alegre.
  • Paraguay: Landlocked Paraguay -- sandwiched between Argentina, Bolivia and Brazil -- has enjoyed consistent economic growth under tobacco magnate Cartes, but has failed to shake off persistent poverty, corruption and drug trafficking.

Noted Telugu poet-composer Balantrapu Rajanikantha Rao dies at 98

  • Noted Telugu poet-composer, musicologist and artist Balantrapu Rajanikantha Rao died in Vijayawada. He was 98.
  • He wrote and composed the first Telugu song ever broadcast in independent India on the midnight of 15 August, 1947.

29th Road Safety Week being observed

  • The Union ministry of road transport and highways will observe the 29th road safety week from April 23-30 2018.
  • Theme: The theme for the road safety week for the 2018 is is 'Sadak Suraksha - Jeevan Raksha'. The accident prevention relies on 4Es - Education, Enforcement, Engineering and Emergency care.
  • Motor vehicles' population is increasing at a rate of 10% every year. Rising traffic on roads and resultant accidents were one of the leading causes of death, disability and hospitalization among people.

Novel tool can spot potential child rapists in online chatrooms

  • Scientists have developed an algorithm that can help identify potential sex offenders in online chatrooms, especially the ones who are most likely to set up face-to-face meetings with children.
  • The Chat Analysis Triage Tool (CATT), developed by researchers at Purdue Polytechnic Institute in the US, allows officers to work through the volume of solicitations and use algorithms to examine the word usage and conversation patterns by a suspect.
  • CATT algorithms examine only the conversation factors and do not take the sex of either suspect or victim into consideration, at this time.
  • The exploratory study examined more than 4,300 messages in 107 online chat sessions involving arrested sex offenders, identifying different trends in word usage and self-disclosure by fantasy and contact sex offenders using statistical discourse analysis.


DERC frames regulation for forum and ombudsman to redress consumer grievances

  • Delhi's power sector regulator DERC has framed regulations providing for formation of forum and ombudsman to redress grievances of the consumers.
  • Each forum will consist of three members including its chairperson that will be nominated by the DERC, according to the regulation.
  • The forum will have the jurisdiction to entertain the grievances filed by the complainants with respect to the services provided by the distribution licensee and give such order and direction as may be deemed necessary. There will be no fee for filing grievances with the forum.
  • The regulation empowers the DERC to designate a person as ombudsman to carry out the functions entrusted to him by the Electricity Act 2003 as well as the DERC Regulation 2018.

Rahil Gangjee wins Panasonic Open Golf tournament

  • Indian golfer Rahil Gangjee clinched the Panasonic Open title in style by hitting a birdie in the last hole to end a 14-year-long title drought.
  • The 39-year-old Gangjee was tied with Korea’s Hyungsung Kim on 13-under going into the 18th and the final hole. Gangjee had won his maiden Asian Tour title in China way back in 2004.
  • Gangjee became the third Indian after Jyoti Randhawa (Suntory Open 2003), Jeev Milkha Singh (2 in 2006 and 2 in 2008) to win a Japan Tour title.

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