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Evening News Digest: 29 July 2018

10-point Resolution for Transforming Universities adopted

  • Vice –chancellors’ three day conference (27-29 July) on Research & Innovation in Higher Education ended with commitment to improving quality in higher education in India.
  • They have committed to achieve the UGC Quality Mandate in universities and affiliated institutions by 2020 and NAAC accreditation for all institutions by 2022.
  • The conference was organized by Ministry of Human Resource Development.
  • The conference adopted 10 –point resolution.

Major highlights:

  • Adopt and implement Learning Outcome-Based Curriculum Framework (LOCF)
  • Training of all the teachers using the SWAYAM and take measures for improving the motivation levels of teachers
  • Encourage the use of digital learning resources among students and teachers; approve SWAYAM courses for credit transfer; use the resources like e ShodhSindhu, and National Digital Library; and upload degrees on National Academic Depository
  • Strive for a smart and Swachh campus

Ministry of Skill Dev & Entreprenurship launches India’s first skill training institute for women and Go WahtsThat app in Mohali

  • Ministry for Petroleum & Natural Gas and Skill Development &Entrepreneurship launched India's first in-phone guide and mobile application "Go whats That" in Chandigarh.
  • National Skill Training Institute (NSTI) for Women at Mohali (Punjab) – It is India’s first of its kind skill training institute in India dedicated for women.
  • Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra (PMKK) which would admit differently abled persons as well, also a first of its kind in India at Mohali. 

Assamese film Xhoihobote Dhemalite wins 3 top awards at US fest

  • Assamese film "Xhoihobote Dhemalite" ("Rainbow Fields") bagged three top awards at the 3rd Love International Film Festival.
  • It won the awards for best actress (Dipannita Sharma), best film and best music (Anurag Saikia) at the festival, where more than 150 films from 36 countries participated.
  • The film, directed by Bidyut Kotoky, deals with the sensitive issue of children of Assam growing up in violent times and witnessing brutality around them.

Assam Government to implement Pranam Scheme

  • The Assam Government will implement the Assam Employees Parental Responsibility Norms for Accountability Monitoring Act, 2017 or PRANAM Act in short from October 2.
  • According to the Act, completely dependent parents can demand 10 per cent of their child’s salary, if the he or she is a Government employee. The 10 per cent of the salary of the person, deducted for the dependent parents, would be transferred to his/her parent’s bank account directly.
  • Besides parents, differently-abled siblings of a government employee can also claim maintenance from his or her salary.

‘Made in India’ tank engines handed over to the Army

  • Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman formally handed over two types of indigenously built high-power multi-fuel engines to the Army.
  • The engines manufactured by the Engine Factory, Avadi - a unit of Ordnance Factory Board, Department of Defence Production - were fully indigenised for the first time under the central government's Make in India programme.
  • The first engine of 1000 HP engine - V92S2 engine - powers T-90 Bhisma Tank, the second engine - V-46-6 engine - powers the T-72 Ajeya Tank and its variants.

Make in India in Defence category has two variants:

 

Make-II (Industry Funded): Projects under 'Make-II' category will involve prototype development of equipment/system/ platform or their upgrades or their sub-systems/ sub-assembly/assemblies/components, primarily for import substitution/innovative solutions, for which no Government funding will be provided for prototype development purposes.

 

Make-I (Government Funded): Projects under ‘Make-I’ sub-category will involve Government funding of 90%, released in a phased manner and based on the progress of the scheme, as per terms agreed between MoD and the vendor.

 


India to develop model to give flash floods warning to Asian nations: WMO
 

  • India has been designated as a nodal centre for preparing flash-flood forecasts by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
  • India will have to develop a customised model that can issue advance warning of floods in Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Thailand.

Importance:

  • Like India, several Southeast Asian countries depend on the monsoon and are prone to its vagaries.
  • The proposed model would provide forecasts by computing the likelihood of rainfall and the soil moisture levels to warn of possible floods. Pakistan has refused to be a part.
  • The WMO says flash floods account for 85% of flooding incidents across the world, causing some 5,000 deaths each year.

Bombali: New strain of Ebola virus discovered in Sierra Leone

  • A new species of Ebola virus has been discovered in bats in Sierra Leone.
  • Researchers looking to identify new viruses before the pathogens spill over into human populations found the new Ebola strain while sampling bats in the northern Bombali district.
  • This is the sixth known species of the virus.
  • Some species of Ebola, such as the Reston virus, can cause disease in nonhuman primates but do not sicken humans. 

Ebola:

  • Other species of the virus however, like the Zaire virus, have been responsible for widespread epidemics, including a recent outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo that killed 33 people.
  • The three West African neighbouring countries were hard hit by Ebola outbreak which began in Guinea in December 2013 before spreading to Liberia and Sierra Leone.
  • The epidemic was declared over by World Health Organisation (WHO) in 2016 after claiming over 11,300 lives out of nearly 30,000 registered cases.

2nd Young Superintendent of Police Conference held in New Delhi

  • The 2nd Young Superintendent of Police Conference was held in New Delhi on July 26, 2018.
  • The conference was organized by Bureau of Police Research & Development (BPR&D).
  • Theme: Predictive Policing and Contemporary Challenges for Indian Police Forces.

BPR&D:

  • It was established in 1970 in furtherance of objective of Union Government for the modernisation of police forces.
  • It functions under the aegis of Union Home Ministry. It is headquartered in New Delhi.  

‘Turnitin’ software for all varsities to check plagiarism in research

  • Turnitin software to detect plagiarism in research, would be provided to all universities free of cost.
  • It was announced at a three-day national conference of vice-chancellors of universities and directors of higher education institutions.

Turnitin:

  • Turnitin is a commercial, Internet-based plagiarism-detection service launched in 1997.
  • Universities and high schools typically buy licenses to use the software-as-a-service website, which checks submitted documents against its database and the content of other websites with the aim of identifying plagiarism.

World’s oldest person, a Japanese woman, dies at 117

  • The oldest person in the world has died at age 117, officials in her home state in Japan confirmed on 27 July.
  • Chiyo Miyako, who was known to her family members as “the goddess,” died Sunday, said officials in Kanagawa prefecture, south of Tokyo.
  • Miyako, born on May 2, 1901, became the world’s oldest person in April after Nabi Tajima, a fellow Japanese national from the southern Kikai island, died at age 117.

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