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Evening News Digest , 6 July 2018

Under Sagarmala Project Centre to give Rs 500 cr to SCI for cruise tourism

 

  • Under Sagarmala project, Centre will provide 500 crore rupees to Shipping Corporation of India to lease out cruises to promote cruise tourism. Mr Gadkari and Union Minister of State for Tourism, K. J. Alphons interacted with associates of travel and trade fraternity concerned with cruise and other related matters.
  • The deliberations were held as part of the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) Annual Awards event in Mumbai.
  • The Government is promoting use of methanol and ethanol fuels to be used in cruise to bring down fuel cost. He suggested cruise tourist companies to bring cruises from abroad and refurbish them in India which will be cost-effective for them.
  • The tourism has done extremely well last year.
  • No GST may be applied for first 5 years in order to give a boost to cruise tourism business.

           Centre asks States to take measures against lynching

 

  • The Centre asked the States and Union Territories (UTs) to check incidents of mob lynching fuelled by rumours of child lifting on social media.
  • More than 20 people have been killed over the last two months on suspicion of child lifting, the latest being the killing of five men in Maharashtra’s Dhule district.
  • The Centre has asked the States and UTs to take measures to prevent incidents of mob lynching fuelled by rumours of child lifting circulating on social media.
  • The States and UTs have been asked to direct district administrations to identify vulnerable areas and conduct community outreach programmes for creating awareness and building confidence.
  • They have also been directed to properly investigate the complaints of child abduction or kidnapping to instil confidence among the affected people.
  • The government had directed WhatsApp to immediately take steps to prevent the spread of “irresponsible and explosive messages.

 

European Parliament rejects EU Copyright law proposal

 

  • The draft law was firmly resisted by major U.S. tech giants as well as advocates of Internet freedom.
  • European Parliament lawmakers rejected a highly controversial European Union copyright law proposal that has pitted Beatles legend Paul McCartney against the creators of Wikipedia.
  • Members of the European Parliament, meeting in the eastern French city of Strasbourg, voted 318 against the measure, 278 in favour, with 31 abstentions. The draft law was firmly resisted by major U.S. tech giants as well as advocates of Internet freedom.
  • Resistance has been especially heated to Article 13: the proposal to make online platforms legally liable for copyrighted material put on the web by users.
  • But critics warn the reform will lead to blanket censorship by tech platforms that have become an online hub for creativity, especially Youtube. It would also restrict the usage of memes and remixes by everyday Internet surfers.
  • Wikipedia went down in at least three countries on 5 July in protest against the European upcoming Parliament vote.
  • The second disputed aspects to the proposed reform are an effort to boost revenue for hard-up news publishers and a crackdown on non-copyrighted material on tech platforms such as Google-owned Youtube or Facebook.

Iran, Austria agree to maintain 2015 Nuclear Deal

 

  • Iran and Austria have agreed to maintain the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, despite the United States withdrawing from the agreement.
  • At a news conference after their meeting in capital Vienna, Iranian President  Rouhani and Austria's Chancellor Sebastian Kurz said both the countries have agreed that the nuclear deal has produced benefits to all countries.
  • During their meeting, the leaders discussed how to deal with the nuclear agreement after the US decided to pull out and reinstate economic sanctions against Tehran.
  • Rouhani who is on a European tour said the nuclear agreement must be preserved. Expressing   EU's support for the deal, Kurz  said EU nations will soon put together measures to counter the US economic sanctions.

 

BBBP Scheme improved sex –ratio in Rajasthan

 

  • The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme has not only proved a boon for improving sex ratio in Rajasthan but also increasing the number of girls in schools.
  • The Sex Ratio has been increased to 950 from 888 as per 2011 census. Jhunjhunu and Sikar are among the best performing 10 districts of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme.
  • The President  has awarded Nari Shakti Puruskar to the state for effective implementation of the scheme. District collector of Jhunjhunu,Dinesh Yadav told about the initiatives taken by the administration.
  • Brand Ambassador of Jhunjunu District of Beti Bachao Beti Padho Campaign Pooja Saini said that after launching this scheme awareness has been increased among people.
  • As a result of successful implementation of this scheme, the nomination of girls in the secondary and higher secondary level has also been increased by 20 percent per year from last 3 years.
  • Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao is a personal campaign of the Government of India that aims to generate awareness and improve the efficiency of welfare services intended for girls.

 

Allow gambling in sports but regulate it, says law panel

 

  • The Law Commission of India submitted a report to the government, saying that since it is impossible to stop illegal gambling, the only viable option left is to “regulate” gambling in sports.
  • The commission, headed by former Supreme Court judge, Justice B.S. Chauhan, recommended “cashless” gambling in sports as a means to increase revenue and deal a blow to unlawful gambling.
  • The money generated can be used for public welfare activities.For that the revenue from gambling should be taxable under laws like Income Tax Act, the Goods and Services Tax Act.
  • The commission recommended a classification of ‘proper gambling’ and ‘small gambling.’
  • The panel wanted the government to introduce a cap on the number of gambling transactions for each individual, that is, monthly, half-yearly and annual.
  • Restrictions on amount should be prescribed while using electronic money facilities like credit cards, debit cards, and net-banking. Gambling websites should also not solicit pornography.

 

Punjab makes dope test mandatory for govt. staff

 

  • From cops to civil servants, all 3.5 lakh government employees in Punjab will now have to take periodic dope tests.
  • For a state that chose to live in denial for so long about the proliferation of drugs, Chief Minister Capt Amarinder Singh has swung to other extreme to crack the nexus with officials by ordering mandatory dope tests for them.
  • The screening will be done during recruitment, promotion, and at the annual medical examination, some employees need to face.
  • The order came on a day when the chief minister formally told the Union government that his Cabinet sought an urgent amendment to the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act, 1985, to award death penalty to first-time drug smugglers and peddlers too.
  • As of now, death penalty is awarded only if certain offences are committed a second time. This means a person can indulge in these nefarious activities and get away at least once, causing substantial damage to the youth and society, the chief minister lamented in a letter to Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh.

ICAT releases First BS-VI engine certificate

 

  • ICAT(International Centre for Automotive Technology) has completed the first BS-VI certification for a heavy duty engine model for M/s Volvo Eicher Commercial Vehicle Limited.
  • The engine has been developed and manufactured indigenously by Volvo Eicher in India. The successful completion of the compliance test of the engine, much ahead of the implementation date of 1 April, 2020, gives sufficient time for product stabilization in terms of making it more robust and cost competitive for the end consumers.
  • The pro-active approach from the Government of India has made the country leapfrog from the conventional BS-IV to directly adopt BS-VI emission norms as the next level for regulatory framework in India.
  • The BS-VI emission standards are much more elaborate in their scope and integrate substantial changes to existing emission standards ensuring cleaner products to the consumer.
  • Besides the more stringent limits on the gaseous emission components, the particulate matter (PM) limits have also been significantly reduced along with the introduction of particle number (PN) limits.
  • The International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT) is a division of NATRiP implementation society (NATIS), under the administrative control of Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises, Government of India.
  • ICAT is the first of new world class centers established under the National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project (NATRiP) with the main objective of carrying out Research & Development besides extending homologation facilities in the field of Automotive Engineering.
  • ICAT has emerged as a comprehensive technical partner of the automotive industry.

 

Justice L Narsimha Reddy takes over as Chairman CAT

 

  • Justice L Narasimha Reddy who retired as the Chief Justice of the Patna High Court in July 2015 has been appointed the Chairman of the Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT).
  • Justice Reddy’s appointment received Presidential approval on June 28, 2018. His remuneration has been fixed at Rs. 2,50,000 per month and will hold office for a little over three years as he will reach the age of 68 on August 1, 2021.
  • Justice Reddy who took a degree in law and a Masters in International Law, from Osmania University in Hyderabad, served as a Judge of the Andhra Pradesh High Court, between 2001 and 2015. Subsequently appointed Chief Justice of the Patna High Court; a post he held for just under 6 months.

 

Test-tube embryos may save northern white rhinos

 

  • Scientists have created hybrid embryos from the sperm of near-extinct northern white rhinoceroses in the laboratory, hoping they can ultimately help save the species.
  • The northern white rhino is the world’s most endangered mammal, and its only two living members are a mother and daughter, living in Kenya’s Ol Pejeta Conservancy.
  • Scientists did, however, manage to collect around 300 millilitres of semen from the last four bull rhinos, which they say is a large quantity, albeit too low-quality for insemination.
  • The low-grade sperm have to be activated with a lab culture so that they can be used in an IVF technique known as intracytoplasmic injection.
  • The hybrid embryos have developed enough for implantation, and have now been frozen while scientists seek potential surrogate southern white rhino females to carry them to term.

Claude Lanzmann, who chronicles the Holocaust, passes away

 

  • Claude Lanzmann, a French journalist and filmmaker whose 9½-hour documentary “Shoah” bore witness to the Holocaust through a harrowing selection of interviews from Jewish victims, Nazi murderers and Polish bystanders, died July 5 at a hospital in Paris. He was 92.
  • His publisher, Éditions Gallimard, announced the death but did not give a cause. Mr. Lanzmann’s latest project — “The Four Sisters,” a 4½-hour documentary assembled from interviews with Holocaust survivors — was released in French theaters the day before his death.

Listen on Soundcloud: 6 July 2018

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