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EXPLAINED : ANTI-TANK GUIDED MISSILE (ATGM)

EXPLAINED : ANTI-TANK GUIDED MISSILE (ATGM)

How are laser-guided ATGMs different?

The laser-guided ATGM, which was successfully tested recently on September 22 and later on October 1 is different mainly in one aspect that is designed to be fired from tanks.

Anti Tank Guided Missile

  • Anti Tank Guided Missile has a HEAT warhead to defeat Explosive Reactive Armour which is protected armoured vehicles in ranges from 1.5 to 5 kilometres.
  • It has been developed with multiple-platform launch capability and is currently undergoing technical evaluation trials from 120 mm rifled gun of MBT Arjun.
  • It uses a ‘tandem’ High Explosive Anti Tank (HEAT) warhead. The term tandem refers to the missiles using more than one detonation in order to effectively penetrate the protective armours.
  • It has the capacity of piercing armoured vehicles which use specially designed armour plates to counter the impact of such projectiles.

Importance in armoured warfare

  • The role of armoured and mechanised vehicles has remained decisive even in modern day warfare because of their ability to go past conventional defenses.
  • Development of missile systems that can defeat tanks built using modern armour act as a deterrent against enemy tanks from advancing.
  • The operability of the missile from a tank is a key feature in armoured warfare.

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