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EXPLAINED: DAY OF REMEMBRANCE FOR ALL VICTIMS OF CHEMICAL WARFARE

EXPLAINED: DAY OF REMEMBRANCE FOR ALL VICTIMS OF CHEMICAL WARFARE

Context

Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare was observed on November 30.

Details

  • The Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare is an annual event held November 30 as a "tribute to the victims of chemical warfare, as well as to reaffirm the commitment of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) to the elimination of the threat of chemical weapons, thereby promoting the goals of peace, security, and multilateralism."
  • The Remembrance Day for all victims of chemical warfare aims to eliminate the threat of chemical weapons, thereby promoting the goals of peace, security and multilateralism.
  • The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons announced this day.
  • Since 2005, the United Nations has held a remembrance day on November 30 every year to commemorate all victims of chemical warfare.

The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)

  • It is an intergovernmental organisation and the implementing body for the Chemical Weapons Convention, which entered into force on 29 April 1997.
  • The OPCW, with its 193 member states, has its seat in The Hague, Netherlands, and oversees the global endeavour for the permanent and verifiable elimination of chemical weapons.
  • The organisation promotes and verifies the adherence to the Chemical Weapons Convention, which prohibits the use of chemical weapons and requires their destruction. Verification consists both of evaluation of declarations by member states and onsite inspections.
  • The organisation was awarded the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize "for its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons".

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