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EXPLAINED : INDIA BASED NEUTRINO OBSERVATORY

EXPLAINED : INDIA BASED NEUTRINO OBSERVATORY

Context

The Government will set up India based Neutrino Observatory (INO) at Bodi West Hills, in Theni district, Tamil Nadu.

Details

About India based Neutrino observatory (INO)

  • It will observe neutrinos produced in the atmosphere of the Earth.
  • It will be more about the properties of neutrino particles, whose main source is the Sun and the Earth's atmosphere.
  • The neutrino detector will be a magnetized iron calorimeter, which will be the heaviest one made by any country.
  • is a multi-institutional effort aimed at building a world-class underground laboratory with a rock cover of approx.
  •  The project is jointly funded by Dept. of Atomic Energy (DAE) and the Dept. of Science and Technology (DST), Govt. of India.

Why Project is in the South?

  • Most of the neutrino detectors are at latitudes over 35 degrees.
  • It is possible to push such a detector down to almost 8 deg latitude in South India, within proximity to the Equator, which permits neutrino astronomy searches covering the whole celestial sky and study of solar neutrinos passing through the Earth’s core.

What is a neutrino?

  • Neutrinos are the smallest particles that form the universe.
  • The neutrino is so named because it is electrically neutral and because its rest mass is so small that it was long thought to be zero.
  • The mass of the neutrino is much smaller than that of the other known elementary particles

Who else has a neutrino facility?

  • Underground: SNO, Canada, Kamioka in Japan and Gran Sasso, Italy.
  • Underwater:  Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, Antarctica.  Antares - under Mediterranean sea off the coast of Toulon, France.

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