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EXPLAINED : INTERNATIONAL DAY OF PEACE

EXPLAINED : INTERNATIONAL DAY OF PEACE

Context

International Day of Peace is observed on 21st September. The theme of the International Day of Peace 2020 is “Shaping Peace Together.”

Details

  • It was established in 1981 by the United Nations General Assembly.
  • In 2001, the General Assembly unanimously voted to designate the Day as a period of non-violence and cease-fire.
  • To inaugurate the day, the United Nations Peace Bell is rung at UN Headquarters, New York.
  • The bell is cast from coins donated by children from all continents except Africa, and the bell was a gift from the United Nations Association of Japan, as "a reminder of the human cost of war".
  • The bell has the inscription which  reads, "Long live absolute world peace".

About United Nations General Assembly

  • It is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, which serves as the main deliberative, policy-making, and representative organ of the UN.
  • Its powers, composition, functions, and procedures are set out in Chapter IV of the United Nations Charter.
  • Key facts of United Nations General Assembly
    • President: Tijjani Muhammad-Bande
    • Abbreviation: GA; UNGA; AG
    • Headquarters: New York, United States
    • Founder: United Nations
    • Founded: 1945

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