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GAGANYAAN PROGRAMME CRYOGENIC ENGINES TESTING

GAGANYAAN PROGRAMME CRYOGENIC ENGINES TESTING

Context:

On 12 January 2022, qualification testing of cryogenic engines for the Gaganyaan program was conducted by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in Mahendragiri, Tamil Nadu.

Key Points:

  • At ISRO Propulsion Complex, in Mahendragiri, Tamil Nadu, the test was conducted for 720 seconds.
  • During the test, engine performance fulfilled test objectives. Engine parameters were also closely matched to predictions.

Gaganyaan Program:

  • It is a crewed orbital spacecraft with Indian crew members.
  • It is an important spacecraft of the Indian Human Spaceflight Programme.
  • The spacecraft is being designed in a way that it can carry Indian astronauts.
  • Its improved version will be equipped with rendezvous and docking capability.
  • In its first mission, Gaganyaan will orbit the Earth at a distance of 400 km (250 mi) for seven days with a group of two or three people on board.

Launch:

  • Gaganyaan will be launched using GSLV Mk III or Launch Vehicle Mark-3, the three-stage heavy-lift launch vehicle.
  • In December 2021, the first crewed mission was scheduled to be launched on ISRO's GSLV Mk III, but this has been delayed until 2023.

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