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GOLAN HEIGHTS

GOLAN HEIGHTS

Context:

On 27 December 2021, Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett said the country aims to double the number of settlers living in the Israeli-controlled Golan Heights through a multi-billion dollar plan aimed at consolidating Israel’s hold on the territory.

About Golan Heights:

  • It refers to the lowlands surrounded by the Yarmouk River in the south, Anti-Lebanon and Mount Hermon in the north, the Sea of ​​Galilee and the Hula Valley in the west and Wadi Raqqad in the east.
  • As a geopolitical region, the Golan Heights refers to the border region captured from Syria by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War; the area has been occupied by the latter since then and was under Israeli annexation in 1981.

History of Golan Heights:

  • In the 16th century, Golan was conquered by the Ottoman Empire. 
  • Within Ottoman Syria, Golan was part of the Syrian Vilayet.
  • This area later became part of the French empire in Syria and the Province of Damascus.
  • When the regime collapsed in 1946, it became part of the newly independent Syrian Arab Republic.
  • Since the 1967 Six-Day War, two-thirds west of the Golan Heights have been occupied by Israel, and the eastern third remains under Syrian occupation. 
  • After the war, Syria dismissed any negotiations with Israel as part of the Khartoum Declaration at the 1967 Arab League conference.

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