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GOVT CONSTITUTES HIGH-LEVEL MINISTERIAL COMMITTEE FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF PARIS AGREEMENT

GOVT CONSTITUTES HIGH-LEVEL MINISTERIAL COMMITTEE FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF PARIS AGREEMENT

Context

Government has constituted a High-level Ministerial Committee for implementation of Paris Agreement.

Details

  • The Apex Committee for Implementation of Paris Agreement (AIPA) will be chaired by Environment Secretary.
  • It has been constituted with the purpose of “ensuring a coordinated response on climate change matters that protects the country’s interests and ensures that India is on track towards meeting its climate change obligations under the Paris Agreement including its submitted Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)”.
  • The Paris Agreement requires all Parties to put forward their best efforts through nationally determined contributions (NDCs) and to strengthen these efforts in the years ahead.
  • This includes requirements that all Parties report regularly on their emissions and on their implementation efforts.
  • NDCs are the accounts of the voluntary efforts to be made by countries that are a part of the Paris Agreement, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate the impacts of anthropogenic climate change.
  • Paris Agreement is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), dealing with greenhouse-gas-emissions mitigation, adaptation, and finance, signed in 2016.
  • The agreement's language was negotiated by representatives of 196 state parties at the 21st Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC in Le Bourget, near Paris, France, and adopted by consensus on 12 December 2015.
  • The three quantitative goals in the Indian NDCs are:
    • A 33-35 per cent reduction in the gross domestic product emissions intensity by 2030 from 2005 levels
    • A 40 per cent share of non-fossil fuel-based electricity by 2030
    • Creating a carbon sink of 2.5-3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide through afforestation programmes

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