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HINDI DIWAS - 14TH SEPTEMBER

HINDI DIWAS - 14TH SEPTEMBER

Context:

Hindi Diwas is observed annually in India on September 14. The day is celebrated to commemorate the acceptance of Hindi in the Devanagari text as one of the official languages ​​in the various Hindi-speaking states of India.

About the Hindi Language:

  • On September 14, 1949, Hindi was recognized as the official language of India.
  • Hindi has been recognized as the two official languages ​​of the Republic of India by the Constituent Assembly of India thanks to the efforts of Beohar Rajendra Simha and Kaka Kalelkar, Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Maithili Sharan Gupt and Seth Govind Das.
  • Thus, on the 50th birthday of Beohar Rajendra Simha on September 14, 1949, efforts led to the recognition of Hindi as an official language.
  • This decision was ratified by the Constitution of India which came into force on 26 January 1950.
  • Under Article 343 of the Indian Constitution, Hindi written in Devanagari is recognized as one of the official languages.
  • In all, there are 22 Scheduled languages of India.
  • Hindi is an Eighth schedule language.

Constitution and Languages:

  • Apart from Hindi, English is another official language (Section 343 of the Constitution).
  • Article 351 deals with the ‘Directive for development of the Hindi language’.

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