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HINDI DIWAS BEING OBSERVED ACROSS THE COUNTRY

HINDI DIWAS BEING OBSERVED ACROSS THE COUNTRY

Context

Hindi Diwas being observed across the country.

Details

  • It is celebrated on the 14th of September, to commemorate the adoption of Hindi in Devanagari script as one of the official languages of India.
  • It was adopted as one of the two official languages of the Republic of India by the Constituent Assembly of India.
  • Under Article 343 of the Indian Constitution, Hindi written in Devanagari script (a script that is used by over 120 languages) was adopted as the official language (of a country with a history of rich linguistic diversity).

About Constituent Assembly

  • It is a body or assembly of popularly elected representatives which is assembled for the purpose of drafting or adopting a constitution or similar document.
  • Key facts :
    • Chairman of the Drafting Committee: B. R. Ambedkar, SCF
    • Temporary Chairman: Sachchidananda Sinha
    • Founded: 6 December 1946
    • Vice President: H. C. Mookerjee; V. T. Krishnamachari
    • Seats: 389 (Dec. 1946-June 1947); 299 (June 1947-Jan. 1950)
    • Voting system: Single Transferable Vote

About Official Language of India

  • The Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution lists 23 languages, which have been referred to as scheduled languages and given recognition, status and official encouragement.
  • Languages includes : Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, English, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada , Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Marathi, Meitei, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu  and Urdu with additional official language, English.

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