Bookmark Bookmark

IAS Current Affairs: Indian Government clears proposal for Gravitational Wave Detector

IAS Current Affairs: February 19, 2016 
 
Kindly Bookmark & Share if you find it relevant to your IAS Exam Preparation.

TOPIC: Indian Government clears proposal for Gravitational Wave Detector

The Union cabinet approved a proposal to establish a state-of-the-art gravitational wave observatory in India in collaboration with the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) in the US.
 
The “in principle” approval for the LIGO-India project for research on gravitational waves is piloted by the Department of Atomic Energy and Department of Science and Technology (DST).
 
The discovery of Gravitational Waves has been regarded as the discovery of the 21st century and this move from the indian Government is a major boost to Indian science research.
 
 
Key Details:
  • The LIGO-India project will be jointly coordinated and executed by three Indian research institutions:
  • It is piloted by Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) and Department of Science and Technology (DST). 
  • This project would be known as the 'LIGO-India project'
    • Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), Pune
    • Department of Atomic Energy organisations: Institute for Plasma Research (IPR), Gandhinagar
    • Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology (RRCAT), Indore.
  • Current estimates suggest the project would cost at least Rs. 1,200 crore and the project is still at least eight years away.
 
 
Significance of this project:
  • Dubbed as the breakthrough of the century, the international team of scientists believes that the detection of gravitational waves will open an unprecedented new window to the cosmos.
  • Gravitational waves carry information about their dramatic origins and about the nature of gravity that cannot be obtained from elsewhere.
  • The project will bring unprecedented opportunities for scientists and engineers to dig deeper into the realm of gravitational wave and take global leadership in this new astronomical frontier.
  • The LIGO-India project will also bring considerable opportunities in cutting-edge technology for the Indian industry which will be engaged in the construction of the eight-km long beam tube at ultra-high vacuum on a levelled terrain.
  • With its establishment, India will join the global network of gravitational wave detectors.
  • Establishing an observatory in India also assumes importance because the further the distance between the observatories, the greater will be the accuracy in locating gravity waves.
 
Background:
  • Several scientists of the Indian Origin were also involved in the discovery of Gravitational waves that confirmed a major prediction of Albert Einstein’s 1915 general theory of relativity.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi had expressed his happiness over the historic detection of gravitational waves and lauded the role of Indian scientists in the project.
  • Physicists have concluded that the detected gravitational waves were produced during the final fraction of a second of the merger of two black holes to produce a single, more massive spinning black hole.
  • This collision of two black holes had been predicted but never observed.
  • The twin LIGO detectors are located in Livingston, Louisiana, and Hanford, Washington. The LIGO observatories are funded by the US National Science Foundation (NSF), and were conceived, built and are operated by Caltech and MIT.
 
Read the simplest and most detailed explanation of Gravitational Waves here
 
Sources: The Hindu.
 

You might be interested:

IIPE and Andhra University signs MoU to start the IIPE sessions

IIPE and Andhra University signs MoU to start the IIPE sessions Indian Government has established Indian Institute of Petroleum and Energy (IIPE), Visakhapatnam after the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisatio ...

7 years ago

Daily News Digest, 18th February 2016

Union Cabinet approves LIGO-India research project on gravitational waves The Union Cabinet has given an in-principle approval to the LIGO-India mega science proposal for research on gravitational wa ...

7 years ago

EESL signs pact with Coal India

EESL signs pact with Coal India Energy Efficiency Services Ltd (EESL) has signed a memorandum of understanding with Coal India Ltd (CIL) for implementation of energy efficiency projects in CIL and it ...

7 years ago

Reasoning Concept Card 11: How to solve Dices?

Reasoning Concept Card 11: Dear Aspirants, In the previous article, we have started discussions around Analytical Reasoning. Let’s continue that further and discuss another part of Visual Reason ...

7 years ago

IAS Current Affairs: Build Operate Transfer & all other Participative Models of Indian Railways Fully Explained

IAS Current Affairs: February 18, 2016    Kindly Bookmark & Share if you find it relevant to your IAS Exam Preparation. TOPIC: Build Operate Transfer & all other Pa ...

7 years ago

Mathematics Shortcuts: Percentage (Part 2)

Mathematics Shortcuts: Percentage (Part 2) Greetings Aspirants, In the previous article, we discussed how to calculate basic percentage problems mentally. In this article, we will go one notch higher ...

7 years ago

Provide your feedback on this article: