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INDIA IS 62ND AMONG 107 COUNTRIES - GLOBAL MULTIDIMENSIONAL POVERTY INDEX 2020

INDIA IS 62ND AMONG 107 COUNTRIES - GLOBAL MULTIDIMENSIONAL POVERTY INDEX 2020

Context

Press Note on the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index and India has been released. India has got 62nd rank in Global MPI 2020 with an MPI score of 0.123 and 27.91% headcount ratio.

What is the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index?

  • It is a worldwide measure of multidimensional poverty which covers 107 developing countries.
  • It was first developed in 2010 by Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for UNDP’s Human Development Reports.

Global MPI-10 parameters

  • It is calculated by scoring each surveyed household on 10 parameters based on -nutrition, drinking water, sanitation, child mortality, years of schooling, school attendance, cooking fuel, electricity, housing and household assets.

The rank of Neighbouring countries

  • Sri Lanka (25th), China (30th), Bangladesh (58th), Nepal (65th), Bhutan (68th), Myanmar (69th) and Pakistan (73rd) are also ranked in this index.

Role of NITI Aayog

  • NITI Aayog is the nodal agency and monitors the mechanism of the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) to bring reforms.
  • It has established a Multidimensional Poverty Index Coordination Committee (MPICC), chaired by Ms Sanyukta Samaddar, Adviser (SDG) and has members from relevant Line Ministries and Departments.

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