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India largest emitter of SO2 in world: Greenpeace

India is the largest emitter of anthropogenic sulphur dioxide in the world, as per the data released by environmental NGO Greenpeace. Anthropogenic sulphur dioxide is produced from burning of coal and it is known to largely contribute to air pollution.

The analysis of NASA data released by Greenpeace reveals that India has over 15 percent of all anthropogenic sulphur dioxide (SO2) hotspots in the world. The SO2 hotspots were detected by the OMI (Ozone Monitoring Instrument) satellite.

SO2 Hotspots in India
The main SO2 hotspots in India include Singrauli in Madhya Pradesh, Korba in Chhattisgarh, Talcher and Jharsuguda in Odisha, Neyveli and Chennai in Tamil Nadu, Kutch in Gujarat, Ramagundam in Telangana and Chandrapur and Koradi in Maharashtra. As per the data, the majority of the plants in India lack flue-gas desulfurization technology to reduce air pollution.

SO2 Hotspots in the World
The NASA data revealed that Norilsk smelter complex in Russia is the largest SO2 emission hotspot in the world, followed by Kriel in Mpumalanga province in South Africa and Zagroz in Iran.

However, in the country-wise ranking, India topped the list in emitting SO2 as it has the maximum number of hotspots.

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