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INDIA METEOROLOGICAL DEPARTMENT (IMD) CELEBRATES ITS 146TH FOUNDATION DAY

INDIA METEOROLOGICAL DEPARTMENT (IMD) CELEBRATES ITS 146TH FOUNDATION DAY

Context

India Meteorological Department celebrated its 146th Foundation day on 15th January 2021.

Details

  • India Meteorological Department (IMD) is an agency of the Ministry of Earth Sciences of the Government of India.
  • It is the principal agency responsible for meteorological observations, weather forecasting and seismology.
  • It is headquartered in Delhi and operates hundreds of observation stations across India and Antarctica.
  • Regional offices are at Chennai, Mumbai, Kolkata, Nagpur, Guwahati and New Delhi.
  • It is also one of the six Regional Specialised Meteorological Centres of the World Meteorological Organisation.
  • It has the responsibility for forecasting, naming and distribution of warnings for tropical cyclones in the Northern Indian Ocean region, including the Malacca Straits, the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf.
  • The first meteorological observatories were established in India by the British East India Company.
  • These included the Calcutta Observatory in 1785, the Madras Observatory in 1796 and the Colaba Observatory in 1826.
  • The India Meteorology Department was established in 1875. Henry Francis Blanford was appointed the first Meteorological Reporter of the IMD.
  • In May 1889, Sir John Eliot was appointed the first Director General of Observatories in the erstwhile capital, Calcutta.
  • The IMD headquarters were later shifted to Shimla in 1905, then to Pune in 1928 and  to New Delhi in 1944.

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