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India ranked 100th in Global Hunger Index 2017

India ranked 100th in Global Hunger Index 2017

Global Hunger Index highlighted that India is ranked 100th out of 119 countries, and has the third highest score in all of Asia — only Afghanistan and Pakistan are ranked worse.  The Global Hunger Index this year underlines that famine has cast a shadow over four countries in 2016 while conflict and climate change continue to hit the poorest the hardest. The countries’ position on the index is ranked on the basis of undernourishment, child mortality, child wasting and child stunting.

Hunger In India:

  • Despite a massive scale-up of national nutrition-focused programmes, drought and structural deficiencies have left large numbers of poor in India at risk of malnourishment.
  • The hunger report index of 119 countries also showed that in three years’ time India has seen a fall of 45 ranks from 55th in 2014.
  • The index has also cited India's gains on undernourishment, child stunting and child mortality.
  • According to 2015-16 National Family Health Survey (NFHS), of Indian children under five, one in three (35.7%) is underweight, one in three (38.4%) is stunted and one in five (21%) is wasted.
  • However, India has made considerable improvement in reducing its child stunting rate, down 29% since 2000, but even that progress leaves India with a relatively high stunting rate of 38.4

Highlights of GHI:

  • Only three other countries in this year’s GHI — Djibouti, Sri Lanka and South Sudan — show child wasting above 20%. As per GHI North Korea ranks 93rd, while Iraq is at 78th position.
  • The GHI scores of 14 countries including Senegal, Azerbaijan, Peru, Panama, Brazil and China improved by 50 per cent or more.
  • According to 2017 GHI scores, fortunately, the level of hunger in the world has decreased by 27 per cent from the year 2000.

The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a multidimensional statistical tool used to describe the state of countries’ hunger situation. The GHI measures progress and failures in the global fight against hunger. The Index ranks countries on a 100-point scale, with 0 being the best score (no hunger) and 100 being the worst, although neither of these extremes is reached in practice. Values less than 10.0 reflect low hunger, values from 10.0 to 19.9 reflect moderate hunger, values from 20.0 to 34.9 indicate serious hunger, values from 35.0 to 49.9 reflect alarming hunger, and values of 50.0 or more reflect extremely alarming hunger levels.

 

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