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India ranked No. 1 in pollution related deaths: 'Lancet' report

India ranked No. 1 in pollution related deaths: 'Lancet' report

With 2.51 million deaths in 2015, India has been ranked No. 1 in pollution related deaths, according to a report by The Lancet Commission on pollution and health. India accounted for about 28 per cent of an estimated nine million pollution linked deaths worldwide in 2015.

Death counts in other countries:

  • China recorded the second highest number of deaths due to pollution.
  • Among the world’s 10 most populous countries that year, the largest increase in numbers of pollution related deaths were seen in India and Bangladesh.
  • Nearly 25% of all deaths in India in 2015 were caused by pollution; Pakistan, China, Bangladesh, and Kenya too reported that one in four deaths were caused by pollution.

Effects:

Deaths from air pollution were a result of diseases such as heart disease, stroke, lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

  • Pollution has been responsible for the most non-communicable disease deaths.
  • In 2015, all forms of pollution combined were responsible for 21% of all deaths from cardiovascular disease, 26% of deaths due to ischaemic heart disease, 23% due to stroke, 51% to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and 43% due to lung cancer.
  • Pollution was also responsible for three times as many deaths as AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria combined.

The Lancet Commission on pollution and health is a two-year project in which more than 40 international health and environmental authors led by environmental scientist Philip Landrigan were involved.

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