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INDIA TO HOST ITS MAIDEN SCO HEADS OF GOVERNMENT SUMMIT

INDIA TO HOST ITS MAIDEN SCO HEADS OF GOVERNMENT SUMMIT

Context

India will host the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Council of Heads of Government.

Details

  • Apart from the other seven SCO member states (Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan), the heads of a delegation of four observer states (Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran and Mongolia) will also participate in the summit.
  • Turkmenistan has been invited as a special guest. The secretary-general of SCO and the executive director of the SCO Regional Anti-terrorist Structure (SCO RATS) are also invited.
  • The SCO Council of Heads of Government deals primarily with the trade and economic agenda of the organisation and approves its annual Budget.
  • Every annual meeting of the SCO Heads of Government ends with a joint communique that contains the major proposals of the member states on issues of trade and economic cooperation.
  • This year, the summit will end with the adoption of the joint statement under the chairmanship of India.
  • There will be other decisions on the report on the implementation of the SCO Multilateral Trade and Economic Cooperation, prepared by the SCO Secretariat, as well.

About Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), or Shanghai Pact 

  • It is a Eurasian political, economic, and security alliance.
  • Its creation was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai, China by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Charter, formally establishing the organisation, was signed in June 2002 and entered into force on 19 September 2003.
  • The original five nations, with the exclusion of Uzbekistan, were previously members of the Shanghai Five group, founded on 26 April 1996.

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