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Indian History Practice Questions: Set-8

Q.1: “A semi religious sect having influence in the northern districts of Bengal, one of its famous leaders „Tipu‟ was motivated by the religious and political motives and took up the cause of the tenanats against the oppression of the Zamindars. The insurgents extended their activities to Garo hills”.

Which of the following uprisings associated with the above passage?

(a) Pagal Panthis

(b) Faraizi uprising

(c) Kutch rebellion

(d) Chuar Uprising

Ans. A

Explanation: KaramShah was the founder of the Pagal Panth- A semireligious sect having influence in the northern districts of Bengal.An activist fervor to the sect was imparted by Tipu, the son and successor of Karam Shah. Tipu was motivated by both religious and political motives and took up the cause of the tenants against the oppression of the Zamindars. Tipu captured Sherpur in 1825 and asuumed royal power. The insurgents extended their activities to Garo Hills. The area remained disturbed in the 1830s and 1840s.

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Q.2: What was the purpose of the formation of Peel Commission after the revolt of 1857?

(a) To look into the military affairs of India.

(b) To facilitate entry of more Indians in civil services by lowering the age.

(c) To lay down the blueprint for future relations between the Crown and the Princely States.

(d) To lay down the foundation for Western education in India.

 Ans. A

 Explanation: The Indian Army was crucial for the Imperial authority not only to sustain its rule in India but also to defend the Indian territory of the empire from other imperialist powers in the region as- Russia, Germany, France, etc.

The conditions of services in the Company‘s Army and the cantonment increasingly came into conflict with the religious beliefs and prejudices of the sepoys. Consequently, the revolt of 1857 began with the mutiny in the Army that shook the Imperial authorities. After the mutiny there was a lot of rethinking about the constitution and recruitment strategies for the Indian Army.

The Peel Commission which was appointed to look into the military affairs of India recommended that ―the native army should be composed of different nationalities and caste, and as a general rule, mixed promiscuously through each regiment.

Therefore, during the next few years regiments which had mutinied were disbanded, castes were more evenly mixed across the regiments, recruitment remained focused on Punjab which remained loyal during the mutiny, and the regional elements like the Punjab, Hindustan, Bombay and Madras, were carefully kept separate.

The recruitment strategies were further streamlined in the 1880s when the colonial knowledge of Indian ethnicity and racial stereotypes were deployed to evolve the theory of "martial race".

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Q.3: With reference to the Ryotwari settlement, consider the following statements:

1. The cultivator was to be recognised as the owner of his plot of land.

2. The settlement under this system was not made permanent.

3. It was introduced in Punjab and the North-West provinces.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 only

(d) 2 only

Ans. A

Explanation: Statement 1 is correct: Under the system, the cultivator was to be recognised as the owner of his plot of land subject to the payment of land revenue. However, in practice, the Ryotwari Settlement did not bring into existence a system of peasant ownership. The peasant soon discovered that the large number of zamindars had been replaced by one giant zamindar—the state.

Statement 2 is correct: The settlement under the Ryotwari system was not made permanent. It was revised periodically after 20 to 30 years when the revenue demand was usually raised.

Statement 3 is not correct: The Ryotwari Settlement was introduced in parts of the Madras and Bombay Presidencies in the beginning of the 19th century. A modified version of the zamindari settlement, introduced in the Gangetic valley, the North-West Provinces, parts of Central India, and the Punjab, was known as the Mahalwari System.

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Q.4: With reference to the administration of the Nawabs of Bengal before 1757, consider the following statements:

1. The Nawabs did not allow expansion of foreign trade.

2. They established regular thanas and chowkies to provide safety.

3. They gave equal opportunities for employment to Hindus and Muslims.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Ans. B

Explanation: Murshid Quli Khan and the succeeding Nawabs gave equal opportunities for employment to Hindus and Muslims. They filled the highest civil posts and many of the military posts with Bengalis, most of whom were Hindus.

They recognised that expansion of trade benefited the people and the Government, and, therefore, gave encouragement to all merchants, Indian or foreign. They provided for the safety of roads and rivers from thieves and robbers by establishing regular thanas and chowkies.

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Q.5: Consider the following Pairs:

 

Famous uprising Leaders
Santhal Sido and Kanhu
Bhil uprisings Sewaram
Ahom revolt Gomdhar Konwar

 

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Ans. D

Explanation: All the pairs are correctly matched. The Santhals of Rajmahal hills resented the oppression by revenue officials, Police, moneylenders, landlords in general,by the ‗outsiders‘ whom they called ‗diku‘ under the leadership of Sido and Kanhu.

Bhil uprising, was famous uprising in Western India –The Bhils,an aboriginal tribe concentrated around Khandesh revolted against east India company ,One of their famous leader was Sewaram. The Bhils revolted in 1817-19, and again in 1825, 1836 and 1846.

Ahom Revolt:The British had pledged to withdraw after the First Burma War (1824-26) from Assam.But ,after the war,Instead of withdrawing,the British attempted to incorporate the Ahoms‘ territories in the company‘s dominion.This sparked off a rebellion in 1828 under the leadership of Gomdhar Konwar.

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