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Indian Polity Practice Questions: Set-5

Q.1: Which of the following is not a mandatory provision of the 73rd Constitutional amendment act?

(a) Fixed tenure of five years for panchayats at all levels.

(b) Establishment of a State Election Commission for conducting elections to the panchayats.

(c) Organization of Gram Sabha in a village or group of villages.

(d) Providing reservation of seats for backward classes in panchayats at all the levels.

Ans. D

Explanation: Provision of reservation of seats for backward classes in panchayats at all the levels is not mandatory one. The other options are correct.

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Q.2: With reference to the President of India, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. The President must act according to aid and advice of the Council of Ministers.

2. The President can reject an advice of Council of Ministers sent after reconsideration.

3. When the Council of Ministers resigns, the President acts according to his own discretion.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Ans.  A

Explanation: Statement 1 is correct. Article 74 (1) says that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advise the President who shall in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The above article mentions that the President may require the Council of Ministers to reconsider such advice. After such a reconsideration, the President has to accept such an advice.

Statement 3 is incorrect. There shall always be a council of minister to aid and advice the President. Whenever a council of minister resigns, it shall continue as caretaker government until the next council of ministers swears in.

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Q.3: Consider the following statements:

1. The Constitution of India provides Hindi the status of national language.

2. The Parliament by passing a bill with simple majority can add any language in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution.

3. The official languages of different states of India are specified in Eighth Schedule of the Constitution.

Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Ans. D

Explanation: Statement 1 is incorrect: The Constitution of India does not give any languages the status of national language. The official languages of Government off India are Hindi and English.

Statement 2 is incorrect: Addition of any language which is not mentioned in the Schedule Eighth of the constitution requires constitutional amendment. For this the parliament has to pass a constitutional amendment bill regarding the same with special majority. The original constitution of India specified fourteen languages. Later on with the amendment of the constitution additional eight languages were added to make a total of twenty two.

Statement 3 is incorrect: Eight Schedule lists the regional languages of India. One objective behind this is to use these languages for the enrichment of Hindi language. However the official languages of all the state are not listed in eight schedule. For example, English is official language of Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura. But it is not listed in the schedule. Similarly Kokborok is one of the official languages of Tripura but it is not there in the list. Similarly Sikkim has a total of 11 official languages but all are not listed in eight schedule.

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Q.4: Which of the following promote Cooperative Federalism in India?

1. Inter-State Council

2. Distribution of judicial powers between the Supreme Court and the High Courts

3. Presence of Rajya sabha in the parliament Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Ans. A

Explanation: Statement 1 is correct: Inter-State Council is created on the recommendation of Sarkaria commission. It helps resolving disputes between the Centre and States and so promote cooperation between them.

Statement 2 is incorrect: In India there is integrated judicial system. The single system of courts enforces both the central and state laws. So there is no division of judicial powers between supreme court and high courts.

Statement 3 is correct: There is representation of states in the Rajya sabha. So the Rajya sabha protects and promotes the interest of the states at the national level. It also checks the excessive power enjoyed by the centre.

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Q.5: Consider the following statements with regard to District Planning Committee:

1. It is provided by the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act.

2. It consolidates the plan prepared by the Panchayats and Municipalities of the district.

3. All its members are elected by the elected members of the Panchayats and Municipalities from amongst themselves.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Ans.  A

Explanation: Statement 1 and 2 are correct. DPC has been provided by the 74th Constitution amendment act) and it consolidates the plan prepared by the panchayats and Municipalities.

Statement 3 is wrong as only four-fifth of the members of DPC are elected by the elected members of the Panchayats and Municipalities from amongst themselves and not 100%.

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