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INDIA’S 39TH WORLD HERITAGE SITE - RAMAPPA TEMPLE

INDIA’S 39TH WORLD HERITAGE SITE - RAMAPPA TEMPLE

Context

India has got Ramappa Temple as its 39th World Heritage Site. The decision was taken at the 44th session of the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO.

About the Temple:

  • Ramappa Temple also known as the Ramalingeswara temple is located 209 km from Hyderabad in the state of Telangana in southern India.
  • It lies in a valley in Palampet village of Venkatapur Mandal of Mulugu district, a tiny village long past its days of glory in the 13th and 14th centuries.
  • It is a 13th-century engineering marvel named after its architect, Ramappa.
  • It was constructed in 1213 AD during the reign of the Kakatiya Empire by Recherla Rudra, a general of Kakatiya king Ganapati Deva.
  • The presiding deity here is Ramalingeswara Swamy.

Structure of Temple:

  • The main structure is in a reddish sandstone.
  • The columns round the outside have large brackets of black basalt which is rich in magnesium, iron and silica.
  • Columns are carved as mythical animals or female dancers or musicians.
  • The masterpieces of Kakatiya art are notable for their delicate carving, sensuous postures and elongated bodies and heads.

World Heritage Site:

  • It is a landmark or area with legal protection by an international convention administered by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

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