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INDIA’S STANCE ON NEPAL BOUNDARY

INDIA’S STANCE ON NEPAL BOUNDARY

Context:

In its first response after the announcement of the road construction in Lipulekh led to Nepalese political outrage, the Indian Ambassador to Kathmandu on 15 January 2022 said the Indian Government's position on the India-Nepal border is recognized and conveyed to the Government of Nepal.

Lipulekh boundary issue:

  • Lipulekh boundary issue is a dispute between India and Nepal.
  • Currently, all three districts of Kalapani, Lipulekh and Limpopo are controlled by India. Nepal claims it.
  • In 2020, Nepal published a revised political map. The map covered the areas of Limpiyadhura, particularly the source of the Kali River.
  • The passing of Lipulekh in the Kalapani region is very important on the journey to Kailash - Manasarovar.

India’s Take:

  • The border begins at Kalapani, that is, at the head of the river.
  • According to India, the river flows from the lipulekh pass.
  • The 19th-century administrative records in India show that Kalapani was on the Indian side.

Nepal’s Take:

  • According to Nepal, the source of the Kali River is located in the highlands near Limpiyadhura. Therefore, the entire slope and width of Limpopo are Nepal.

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