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INTERNATIONAL DAY OF HUMAN SPACE FLIGHT CELEBRATED ON APRIL 12

INTERNATIONAL DAY OF HUMAN SPACE FLIGHT CELEBRATED ON APRIL 12

Context

On April 12, the International Day of Human Space Flight is celebrated annually to mark the anniversary of the 1st human space flight by Yuri Gagarin on April 12, 1961.

Details

  • The day was declared at the 65th meeting of the United Nations General Assembly on April 7, 2011, a couple of days before the 50th commemoration of the flight.
  • In the Soviet Union, the day is seen as the International Day of Aviation and Cosmonautics.

Important Missions

  • On October 4, 1957, the first human-made Earth satellite Sputnik I was launched into outer space, thus opening the way for space exploration. On April 12, 1961, Yuri Gagarin became the first human to orbit the Earth, opening a new chapter of human endeavour in outer space
  • On June 16, 1963, Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman to orbit the Earth
  • On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong became the first human to set foot upon the surface of the moon
  • Apollo and Soyuz were the first joint US-Russian space flight. This event became the first international human mission in space on July 17, 1975.

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