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International Mountain Day

International Mountain Day

Every year International Mountain Day is observed on December 11 since 2003. 

As per the United Nations, mountains are home to 15% of the world's population and a quarter of the world's animals and plants.

The theme for the year is 'Mountains Matter for Youth'.

Key Points:

  • “International Mountain Day has its roots in the document “Managing Fragile Ecosystems: Sustainable Mountain Development” adopted in 1992 as part of the action plan Agenda 21 of the Conference on Environment and Development.”
  • Due to the increasing attention towards the importance of mountains, the United Nations declared the year 2002 as the UN International Year of Mountains, following which the first international day was celebrated in 2003.
  • The theme of the International Mountain Day this year is 'Mountains Matter for Youth'. The theme emphasises that this day is a chance to highlight the rural youth who are living in the mountains and showing the hardship of their life. 
  • Migration from the mountains leads to abandoned agriculture, land degradation and a loss of ancient cultural traditions. Education and training, market access, diverse employment opportunities and good public services can ensure a brighter future for young people in the mountains. 
  • This year, youth will take the lead and demand that mountains and mountain peoples become central in the national and international development agendas; receive more attention, investments and tailored research.

Facts:

A portion that is uplifted from the earth's surface is called a mountain or a hill. On the basis of the origin or mode of formation, the mountains are classified as:

  1. Structural or Tectonic Mountains
  2. Residual or Dissected Mountains
  3. Volcanic Mountains
  4. Structural Mountains

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