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INTERNATIONAL TIGER DAY: JULY 29

INTERNATIONAL TIGER DAY: JULY 29

Context

Every year on July 29, International Tiger Day ( also called Global Tiger Day) is celebrated to raise awareness for tiger conservation.

The theme for the 2021 International Tiger Day celebration:

  • “Their Survival is in our hands”.

History of the Day:

  • It was created in 2010 at the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit in Russia to put in place a global system for protecting the natural habitats of tigers and raise public awareness and support for tiger conservation issues.
  • During the Summit, 13 tiger range countries came together to create Tx2, the global goal to double the number of wild tigers by the year 2022.

Tiger:

  • It is the largest living cat species and a member of the genus Panthera.
  • It is recognised by its dark vertical stripes on orange-brown fur with a lighter underside.
  • It is an apex predator, preying on deer and wild boar.
  • Tiger cubs stay with their mother for about 2 years, before they become independent and leave their mother's home range to establish their own.

Tiger’s IUCN Status:

  • It is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List.

Tiger Population:

  • As of 2015, the global wild tiger population was estimated to number between 3,062 and 3,948 mature individuals, with most of the populations living in small isolated pockets.
  • At present India hosts the largest tiger population.

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