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JUNE 2021: SUMMER SOLSTICE

JUNE 2021: SUMMER SOLSTICE

Context:

21st June is the longest day in the Northern Hemisphere, in fact this day is alluded to as the Summer solstice.

Meaning of the Word ‘Solstice’:

  • It's anything but a Latin word that signifies ‘stalled sun’. It is a natural phenomenon that occurs 2 times a year, once in the summer and again during winter, in each hemisphere of the earth - Summer and Winter Solstice.
  • At the June solstice, Earth is situated in its orbit so that our world’s North Pole is inclining most toward the sun.
  • In the Northern Hemisphere, it is the longest day and shortest night of the year.

How is it Caused?

  • During the solstice, the Earth’s axis, around which the planet spins, completing one turn each day, is tilted in a way that the North Pole is tipped towards the sun and the South Pole is away from it.
  • This imaginary axis passes right through the middle of the Earth from top to bottom and is always tilted at 23.5 degrees with respect to the sun.
  • During this, countries in the Northern Hemisphere are nearest to the Sun and the Sun shines overhead on the Tropic of Cancer (23.5° North).

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