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JUVENILE JUSTICE (CARE AND PROTECTION OF CHILDREN) AMENDMENT BILL 2021

JUVENILE JUSTICE (CARE AND PROTECTION OF CHILDREN) AMENDMENT BILL 2021

Context

On 28th July 2021, Parliament passed the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill 2021.

About the Bill:

  • The Bill seeks to amend the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015.
  • The amendments include authorizing District Magistrate including Additional District Magistrate to issue adoption orders to ensure speedy disposal of cases and enhance accountability.
  • Defining eligibility parameters for the appointment of Child Welfare Committee members and categorizing previously undefined offences as serious offences are some of the other aspects of the Bill.

Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015:

  • It replaced the Indian juvenile delinquency law, Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000.
  • It allows for juveniles in conflict with Law in the age group of 16–18, involved in Heinous Offences, to be tried as adults.
  • The Act also aims to create a universally accessible adoption law for India, overtaking the Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act (1956) (applicable to Hindus, Buddhists, Jains, and Sikhs) and the Guardians and Wards Act (1890) (applicable to Muslims), though not replacing them.
  • From 15 January 2016, the Act came into force.

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