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KATI BIHU FESTIVAL CELEBRATED ACROSS ASSAM

KATI BIHU FESTIVAL CELEBRATED ACROSS ASSAM

About Bihu Festival

  • Bihu are three festivals held in Assam; Bhogali or Magh Bihu is observed on January 13th or 14th, Rongali or Bohag Bihu is observed on April 14th or 15th, Kongali or Kati Bihu is observed in October.
  • All three of the Bihu are related to agriculture. The other two Bihu mark key dates in the harvest. This Bihu is celebrated during the time of relocation of the rice sapling - Kati means "cut".
  • Kati Bihu is also called Kongali ("Poor") as the granaries are usually empty and there is not much to eat at this time of the year.
  • Kati Bihu is not as flamboyant a festival like the other Bihus and the festivities are more sombre in nature.
  • This Bihu is celebrated by the lighting of lamps or saaki (candles) in different parts of the house. The main lamp is lit in the courtyard near the sacred Tulsi plant.

About Assam

  • It is a state in northeastern India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.
  • It is bordered by Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh to the north; Nagaland and Manipur to the east; Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram and Bangladesh to the south; and West Bengal to the west via the Siliguri Corridor, a 22 kilometres (14 mi) strip of land that connects the state to the rest of India.
  • It is also one of the world's most populous subdivisions.
  • Assamese is the official and most common language, followed by Bengali, the second most common.
  • It is known for Assam tea and Assam silk.
  • It was the first site for oil drilling in Asia. Assam is home to the one-horned Indian rhinoceros, along with the wild water buffalo, pygmy hog, tiger and various species of Asiatic birds, and provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant.

TYPES OF BIHU IN ASSAM

BIHU

MONTH

REASON

Kaati Bihu

October

Much duller than other two festivals, praying for a good harvest. Granaries are empty

Maagh Bihu

January

Harvest festival. Granaries are full

Bohaag/ Rongali Bihu

April

Assamese New Year & Spring festival

 

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