Bookmark Bookmark

MAHATMA JYOTIRAO PHULE BIRTH ANNIVERSARY

Context

Jyotirao Phule was born on April 11, 1827. He was an anti-caste reformer and social activist who, along with his wife, Savitribai Phule, worked to uplift neglected children and women and promoted women's education.

Key Points

  • He was from Maharashtra and worked tirelessly to end caste injustice and untouchability.
  • In 1848, Jyotirao Phule established his first girl's school in Bhide Wada, Pune.
  • He and his followers also founded the Satyashodhak Samaj (Society of Truth Seekers), intending to fight for fundamental rights for all individuals from lower castes.
  • There were people from many classes and religions in his organisation.
  • He was renowned throughout Maharashtra after receiving recognition for his efforts.
  • Another social worker, Vithalrao Krishnaji Vandekar, bestowed the title of 'Mahatma' ('great soul') on him in 1888.
  • He is regarded as a pivotal role in Maharashtra's social reform movement.

Early Life

  • He was born in Pune, British India, into a Mali caste family who grew vegetables and fruits. 
  • The Mali caste was at the very bottom of the caste system. He lost his mother when he was a child. 
  • There was little opportunity for study growing up, but a man from the same caste, seeing his intelligence and skills, suggested that he attend the Scottish Mission High School. 
  • He graduated from this school in 1847, having finished his English education.

Women's education is being worked on.

  • He got married off at the age of 13. 
  • In 1848, he was chastised for attending the wedding of a Brahmin acquaintance since he belonged to a lesser caste. 
  • Soon after, he noticed that women were not being appropriately treated in society and set out to change that by first educating his wife, Savitribai. 
  • Then, in Pune, he established a ladies' school. 
  • The upper-caste community, which was quite orthodox, did not support girls' education, and the Phule couple was constantly assaulted for their views on female empowerment and education. 
  • Together with his sister Fatima Sheikh, both pioneers of female empowerment, their friend Usman Sheikh gave them refuge and assistance in establishing a school on their own.

The Phules witnessed caste-related tragedies.

  • The Phules witnessed caste-related tragedies, such as untouchables being forced to sweep the road while wearing a broom on their backs to clean their own tracks. 
  • The society's widows were compelled to shave their heads, and untouchable women were paraded nude down the street. 
  • Seeing all of this strengthened their resolve to educate the women, inform them about their rights, and eradicate caste-based ills. 
  • They also advocated for widow remarriage and the abolition of infanticide. 
  • He also opened his home to persons from the lower castes and encouraged them to use his water well to alleviate the social stigma of untouchability. 
  • He has also written some important books.

You might be interested:

ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR SEMICONDUCTOR MISSION

Context The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology has constituted an expert advisory committee. This committee was formed to carry out the government's ambitions to make India a global le ...

6 months ago

CHINA'S EARTH OBSERVATION SATELLITE, DUBBED 'GAOFEN-3 03,'

Context On April 7, 2022, China launched a new Earth monitoring satellite. This satellite will join the country's land-sea radar satellite constellation. It will take photographs to aid China in prote ...

6 months ago

REPORT ON 'EXPANDING HEAT RESILIENCE'

Context According to a new paper titled 'Expanding Heat Resilience,' India's cities and districts must step up efforts to safeguard the vulnerable throughout the summer. According to the India Meteoro ...

6 months ago

HD1: MOST DISTANT GALAXY EVER SEEN

Context A galaxy known as HD1 may be the most distant object yet discovered by scientists. The brilliance of this galaxy could be attributed to a vast black hole at its centre or the formation of larg ...

6 months ago

RBI GUIDELINES ON DIGITAL BANKING UNITS

Context The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) recently issued recommendations for the country's banks to establish digital banking units (DBUs). In the Union Budget 2022-23, an announcement was made regardi ...

6 months ago

SPACEX LAUNCH OF VISITORS TO SPACE STATION

Context On April 8, 2022, SpaceX deployed three wealthy people in business and their astronaut escorts to the International Space Station. They will spend more than a week on the space station. Key Po ...

6 months ago

Provide your feedback on this article: