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Mangalyaan images the closest and biggest moon of Mars

Mangalyaan images the closest and biggest moon of Mars

The Mars Colour Camera (MCC) mounted on the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) also known as Mangalyaan, has imaged the biggest and closest moon of Mars, known as Phobos on 1 July 2020.

Key Points:

  • The image was taken by MCC when Mangalyaan was at a distance of around 7200 km from Mars and around 4200 km far from Phobos.
  • The images Spatial resolution is 210 m and is a composite image that has been created from 6 frames of MCC with colour correction applied.
  • The largest moon of Mars, Phobos is believed to be formed out of carbonaceous chondrites.
  • Phobos had also gone through a violent phase, and it can be seen from the large section that seems to have been carved out from a collision that has created the Stickney crater and bouncing ejecta.
  • The Stickney crater is the largest crater on Phobos, and other major craters include Grildrig, Roche and Shklovsky that can be observed in the image.
  • Phobos is one among the two natural satellites of Mars, and the other moon is Deimos. The two moons were discovered by American astronomer Asaph Hall in 1877.

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