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MARTYRDOM DAY OF NINTH SIKH GURU-GURU TEGH BAHADUR

MARTYRDOM DAY OF NINTH SIKH GURU-GURU TEGH BAHADUR

Context

The Martyrdom Day of Guru Tegh Bahadur was observed all over India On November 24, 2020. The day marks the sacrifice of Guru Tegh Bahadur to protect his human values, religion, ideals and principles. It is also celebrated as Shaheedi Divas every year.

About Guru Tegh Bahadur

  • He was the 9th of the ten gurus of Sikhism and his term as Guru ran from 1665 to 1675.
  • He was the youngest son of Guru Hargobind born in Amritsar in 1621.
  • Nearly 150 hymns of Guru Tegh Bahadur have been added in Guru Granth Sahib.
  • Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib and Gurudwara Rakab Ganj Sahib mark the places of cremation and execution of his body.

Guru Tegh Bahadur and Aurangzeb

  • Guru Tegh Bahadur was arrested and was forced to convert to Islam when he refused he was beheaded publicly under the orders of the then Mughal ruler Aurangzeb in the Chandni Chowk market close to the Red fort on 24th November 1675.

Sikhism

  • Sikhism was founded by Guru Nanak Dev Ji and the religious practices of Sikhism were formalised by Guru Gobind Singh.

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