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National Education Day

National Education Day

National Education Day is an annual day that is observed in India to commemorate the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. He was the first education minister of independent India, who served from 15th August 1947 until 2nd February 1958. This day is celebrated on 11 November every year.

Key Points:

  • Ministry of Human Resource Development had decided on September 11, 2008, to celebrate November 11 as National Education Day every year.
  • Various campaigns and programs are organised on this day to spread awareness about education so that people can become aware of and attracted to education.

About Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

  • His complete name is Maulana Sayyid Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al-Hussaini Azad. He learnt Arabic and Persian and studied philosophy, geometry, mathematics and algebra. He learned the English language, history of the world and politics by studying himself.
  • In the year 1912, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad started a weekly Urdu newspaper called 'Al-Hilal' to increase the feeling of patriotism among Muslims.
  • He was awarded Bharat Ratna in the year 1992 for his contribution as an educationist and freedom fighter.
  • He established the University Grants Commission (UGC) on 28 December 1953.  He is also credited for establishment of Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and the School of Architecture and Planning.
  • Azad founded the Sangeet Natak Akademi (1953), Sahitya Akademi (1954) and Lalit Kala Akademi (1954) to promote culture and education in the country.

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