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ODISHA'S OLDEST, MOST POPULAR ART FORM 'PATTACHITRA' PRESERVED IN RAGHURAJPUR

ODISHA'S OLDEST, MOST POPULAR ART FORM 'PATTACHITRA' PRESERVED IN RAGHURAJPUR

Context

Odisha's traditional art forms Pattachitra', which dates back to 5 BC, continues to live on in India's first heritage village Raghurajpur.

Details

  • Pattachitra style of painting is one of the oldest and most popular art forms of Odisha.
  • The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit words patta, meaning canvas, and chitra, meaning picture.
  • Pattachitra is thus a painting done on canvas, and is manifested by rich colourful application, creative motifs and designs, and portrayal of simple themes, mostly mythological in depiction.
  • Some of the popular themes represented through this art form are Thia Badhia - depiction of the temple of Jagannath; Krishna Lila - enactment of Jagannath as Lord Krishna displaying his powers as a child; Dasabatara Patti - the ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu; Panchamukhi - depiction of Lord Ganesh as a five-headed deity.
  • The Pattachitra, when painted on cloth, follows a traditional process of preparation of the canvas. First, the base is prepared by coating the cloth with the soft, white, stone powder of chalk and glue made from tamarind seeds.
  • It is a tradition to complete the borders of the painting first. The painter then starts making a rough sketch directly with the brush using light red and yellow.
  • The colours used are normally white, red, yellow, and black.
  • When the painting is completed it is held over a charcoal fire and lacquer is applied to the surface.
  • This makes the painting water resistant and durable, besides giving it a shining finish.

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