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Over 9.5 crore toilets built across India since the launch of Swachh Bharat Mission

According to the Economic Survey 2018-19 presented by the Finance and Corporate Affairs Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, Over 9.5 crore toilets have been built all over the country and 564,658 villages have been declared open-defecation free (ODF) under the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM).

The Swachh Bharat Mission was initiated in 2014 to achieve universal sanitation coverage by October 2, 2019. It is one of the largest cleanliness drives as well as an attempt to effect the behavioural change in the world.

According to the Survey, through SBM, 99.2 per cent of rural India has been covered in the last four years. Since October 2014, over 9.5 crore toilets have been built all over the country and 564,658 villages have been declared open-defecation free (ODF).

Other than this, SBM has significantly improved health outcomes. As on 14 June 2019, 30 States and Union Territories are 100 per cent covered with an individual household latrine (IHHL).

The SBM has helped reduce diarrhea and malaria among children below five years, stillbirth and low birth weight (newborn with weight less than 2.5 kgs).

"This effect is particularly, pronounced in districts where IIHL coverage was lower is 2015," adds the Survey.

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