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Kaziranga, Assam 

  • It is the world’s heritage site, with two-thirds of the world's great one-horned rhinoceroses. Located on the edge of the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot. Kaziranga  was  home to the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world and was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006
  • Recognized as an Important Bird Area by Birdlife International for the conservation of avifaunal species.
  • Park area is circumscribed by rivers Brahmaputra, Diphlu, MonraDhansiri
  • Species Diversity: distinction of being home to the world's largest population of the Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros, wild Asiatic water buffalo  and eastern swamp deer
  • Also it the home to Gangetic dolphins, one of the few breeding areas outside Africa for tiger and leopard. It is the home to the only ape found in India, hoolock gibbon and golden langur as well
  • In terms of Birds Diversity, it has been identified by Birdlife International as an Important Bird Area. It is home to a variety of migratory birds, water birds, predators, scavengers, and game birds. Birds such as the lesser white-fronted goose, ferruginous duck, Baer's pochard duck and lesser adjutant, greater adjutant, black-necked stork, and Asian openbill stork migrate from Central Asia to the park during winter.
  • Two of the largest snakes in the world, the reticulated python and rock python, as well as the longest venomous snake in the world, the king cobra, inhabit the park.

Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, Tamil Nadu

  • The Mudumalai National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary also a declared tiger reserve, lies on the northwestern side of the Nilgiri Hills (Blue Mountains), in Nilgiri District, about 150 kilometres (93 mi) north-west of Coimbatore city in Tamil Nadu, India.
  • It shares its boundaries with the states of Karnataka and Kerala.
  • The sanctuary is divided into five ranges – Masinagudi, Thepakadu, Mudumalai, Kargudi and Nellakota.
  • The protected area is home to several endangered and vulnerable species including Indian elephant, Bengal tiger, gaur and Indian leopard.
  • There are at least 266 species of birds in the sanctuary, including critically endangered Indian white-rumped vulture and long-billed vulture.

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