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Ladakh

  • It is a region administered by India as a union territory, and constituting a part of the larger Kashmir region.
  • It is bordered by the Tibet Autonomous Region to the east, the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh to the south, both the Indian-administered union territory of Jammu and Kashmir and the Pakistan-administered Gilgit-Baltistan to the west and the southwest corner of Xinjiang across the Karakoram Pass in the far north.
  • It extends from the Siachen Glacier in the Karakoram range to the north to the main Great Himalayas to the south.
  • The eastern end, consisting of the uninhabited Aksai Chin plains, is claimed by the Indian Government as part of Ladakh and has been under Chinese control since 1962.
  • Until 2019, Ladakh was a region of the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • In August 2019, the Parliament of India passed an act by which Ladakh became a union territory on 31 October 2019.
  • Ladakh is the largest and the second least populous union territory of India.

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