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QUARTERLY EMPLOYMENT SURVEY (QES) FOR THE FIRST QUARTER (FQ) OF 2021 (APRIL TO JUNE)

QUARTERLY EMPLOYMENT SURVEY (QES) FOR THE FIRST QUARTER (FQ) OF 2021 (APRIL TO JUNE)

Context:

Recently, the Labour Bureau, Ministry of Labour and Employment released the results of the Quarterly Employment Survey (QES) for the First Quarter (FQ) of 2021 (April to June).

Highlights of QES 2021:

  • It shows a 29% increase in employment in 9 sectors during the peak Covid-19 months of April-June 2021 over a base of 2013-14 (Sixth Economic Census - EC).
  • There has been a decline in the share of female workers. From 31% in the 6th EC (2013) to 29% in QES (2021) data.
  • Out of the 9 sectors, 7 sectors saw growth in employment while only 2 sectors (Trade, and Accommodation & Restaurants) saw a decline in employment figures.
  • The IT/BPO sector saw the most growth of 152% during the 2013-2021 period.
  • Between 1998-2021, there has been an absolute increase in employment figures. Since 1998 (4th EC), the highest growth rate in employment (38%) was in the period 2005-2013.
  • The simple growth rate of employment between 1998-2021 has been fluctuating, and not linear.

About QES Survey:

  • QES is part of the All-India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey (AQEES).
  • It covers establishments employing 10 or more workers in the organised segment in 9 sectors. The 9 sectors are Education, Health, Manufacturing, Construction, Trade, Transport, Accommodation and Restaurants, IT/BPO, Financial Service Activities.

The objective of the QES Survey:

  • To enable the government to frame a “sound national policy on employment.”

Labour Bureau:

  • The 2 main wings of the Labour Bureau, an attached office of the Ministry of Labour & Employment are at Chandigarh and Shimla with 4 Regional Offices at Kanpur, Kolkata, Ahmedabad, and Chennai and a Sub-Regional Office at Mumbai.

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