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RED SANDERS - IUCN ‘ENDANGERED’ CATEGORY

RED SANDERS - IUCN ‘ENDANGERED’ CATEGORY

Context:

 

On January 10, 2022, the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) classified Red Sanders (or Red Sandalwood) again in the ‘endangered' category on its Red List.

Why is Red Sanders classified as endangered?

  • Over the past three generations, Red Sanders varieties have declined in population by 50-80%.

Red Sanders:

  • Red Sanders is scientifically called Pterocarpus santalinus.
  • It is a tree species found in India, and the area is limited to the Eastern Ghats.
  • The tree is identified by its rich red color, and the wood is traditionally considered a luxury.
  • The tree should not be confused with the fragrant Santalum sandalwood trees native to South India.

IUCN red list:

  • In 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species was founded.
  • It maintains the Red List of plant and animal species list and classifies them based on their conservation status.

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