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REPORT ON 'EXPANDING HEAT RESILIENCE'

Context

According to a new paper titled 'Expanding Heat Resilience,' India's cities and districts must step up efforts to safeguard the vulnerable throughout the summer. According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), the report was released as the country saw its warmest March since 1901, according to the India Meteorological Department (IMD).

Key Points

  • This study was published on April 6, 2022.
  • Temperatures in significant western and central India portions surpassed 40 degrees Celsius in March 2022.
  • According to this research, heatwaves are wreaking havoc on the country's cities.
  • Extreme temperatures have been observed in Kerala and Himachal Pradesh. These states have never experienced a heatwave.
  • The Natural Resources Defense Council has issued this report (NRDC).
  • According to the research, the number of states hit by heatwaves in 2019 is 28, up from 19 in 2018.

Highlighted several action plans in the report

  • A few Indian states have created heat response plans, according to the NRDC report.
  • Andhra Pradesh has issued heat warnings, and the state government has also raised public awareness. Odisha has banned public transportation usage during peak summer hours to decrease passengers' exposure to heat stress.
  • The paper also discusses the success of Ahmedabad's heat action plan, which was implemented in 2013 and is South Asia's first such effort.
  • This campaign contributed to the averting of 1,190 heat-related deaths each year.

States should include action plans in their budgets.

The report recommends the following action plans:

  • Increased community outreach is required to raise awareness.
  • To alert the people, early warning mechanisms should be created.
  • States' healthcare professionals should be well trained.
  • Construction workers, farmers, traffic cops, and other disadvantaged groups should be prioritised.
  • Adaptive measures must be taken to provide cooling centres, drinking water, gardens, and shaded areas on hot days.
  • The requirement for city-level resilience.
  • Municipal corporations must also launch initiatives tailored to their respective communities and increase coordination, planning, monitoring, capacity building, and so on to deal with the ongoing climate change.

The report requires

  • This report will assist professionals in developing plans to assist during the summer months and monitoring deaths during or soon following a heatwave.

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