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RUSSIA LAUNCHES FIRST VACCINE AGAINST CORONAVIRUS

RUSSIA LAUNCHES FIRST VACCINE AGAINST CORONAVIRUS

Context

Russia has developed the first vaccine against the coronavirus.

Details

  • It has been developed by Russia’s Gamaleya National Research Centre.
  • It was registered on August 11, 2020, making Russia the first country in the world to register a vaccine..
  • More than 160 vaccine candidates are in different stages of production and 27 of these have reached the human trials. 

How is the Russian vaccine made?

  • It  is an adenovirus-based viral vector vaccine.
  • It is combined with the spike protein of the SARS-CoV-2 virus to induce an immune response in the body.
  • In vaccine effect coronavirus particles in the vaccine cannot harm the body as they cannot multiply.
  • The particles and objects that can reproduce their own kind are the ones that are considered alive.

About Coronavirus Diseases

  • It is a disease caused by members of the coronavirus (CoV) family.
  • Coronaviruses cause different coronavirus diseases including severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS),and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
  • The 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak, caused by COVID-19, was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO)

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